SNRIs are a class of antidepressant medication used for the management of depressions symptoms. These symptoms include nausea, irritability, sadness and others. They are largely used for the treatment of depression, anxiety and general mood disorders. Basically, this class of medicines acts by delaying or blocking the reuptake of chemicals known as neurotransmitters. The specific neurotransmitters in this case are serotonin and norepinephrine. Since this class of medications is a prescription only, only a qualified healthcare practitioner may prescribe its use to a patient. The patient is then monitored over a period of time to check their reactions to this drug.
There are various types of SNRI drugs in the market today. Doctors usually determine which to give to patients depending on the conditions they are suffering and the side effects they experience. It typically takes a couple of weeks, sometimes even longer, for the effects of the antidepressants to be observed by a patient.
Ideally, SNRIs are designed to treat long term depression in adults. However, the medication is also approved for the treatment of other conditions as well. These include conditions such as anxiety, obesity, panic disorder, bipolar disorder, irritable bowel syndrome, hot flashes, back pain, osteoarthritis and ADHD among many others. However, most doctors and general health practitioners recommend the use of these medications for the treatment of anxiety, panic attacks, depression and all other mood disorders.
SNRIs Side Effects
There are basically very few side effects witnessed with the use of this class of medicines. SNRI drugs work majorly in the same manner and any side effects will therefore be similar even with different drugs. Most side effects experienced by patients are usually mild and will disappear within the first few days of using the drugs. Some of the more common side effects include:
- Dry mouth
- Sweating profusely
- Loss of appetite
- Difficulty passing urine
SNRIs should be taken as recommended by the doctor or other primary health care provider. Taking medication on a full stomach is highly recommended. Patients with prescriptions of SNRIs will suffer fewer side effects if they sleep after taking the medicines. Pregnant women, lactating mothers and kids below the age of 18 should avoid taking the medication as the side effects could be extreme. However, the medication can be had only a doctor’s supervision and if the benefits far outweigh the side effects. It is also advisable to avoid taking other medicines as the reactions of SNRIs and other medications can be severe.