Cigarette smoking is the major cause of many preventable disease such as cancer, breathing problems, heart attacks and stroke. It has also been identified as the major cause of death in the United States today resulting in more than 400, 00 deaths annually. Tobacco is known to contain a deadly mix of about 7,000 chemicals; hundreds of which are highly toxic and prone to cause cancer. Some of these chemicals include Benzene, Beryllium (a toxic metal), Cadmium (a toxic metal), Ethylene oxide, Polonium-210 a radioactive chemical element known to increase the risk for serious health problems and other deadly diseases. Research has also shown that people who quit smoking reduce the chances of these diseases as well as premature death. While it is advisable to quit smoking tobacco at a younger age because of the health benefits that accrue, quitting altogether remains beneficial. Smoking cessation visits are usually organized for people who are ready to quit smoking and use of other forms of tobacco within 30 days. These visits are run by Pharmacist Practitioners. What they do is to ensure that success is achieved by constantly reviewing, previous and current tobacco use to record the rate of progress for the desired goal. Once a Smoking cessation management plan is adhered to and successfully completed one can expect to see the following health benefits result: reduced risk of coronary heart disease within the first two years of quitting, reduced risk of developing several types of cancer especially lung cancer, reduced risk of stroke and other peripheral vascular disease and reduced risk of infertility in women in the reproductive age.
Smoking Cessation Symptoms
Cigarettes contains nicotine. The first weeks of withdrawal poses the greatest challenge to users. Some users find themselves returning to old habits after a while. It all depends on the individual and their willingness to abstain when the urge comes. Although this may vary within individual, it usually takes about 7-12 weeks before the patient starts to adapt to the cigarette free life. Because Nicotine creates a chemical dependency, previous users find themselves having headaches, nausea and anxiety when they don't get any. Some of these withdrawal syndromes can be unpleasant and stressful
- Increased hunger
- Difficulty concentrating
Smoking Cessation Causes
Cigarette smoking is a serious disease that leads to other deadly diseases. The resulting consequences of smoking habits such as heart and lung failure makes smoking cessation needed to save lives.
Smoking Cessation Diagnosis
The diagnosis for smoking cessation are varied. Patients who show a strong interest to quit smoking and people who willingly sign up for smoking cessation programs are the most likely patients.
Smoking Cessation Treatment
The medical conditions caused by tobacco use needs to be treated in order for the patient to get well. In the treatment of the nicotine withdrawal. Patients are usually given other products like lozenges, gum and patches to replace nicotine which creates a chemical dependency. While some of these products are available over the counter, its best used under the guidance of a physician for best results.
- Behavior modification
- Nicotine/Non-nicotine medications
- Prescription medications
- Nicotine patches, lozenges, gum