Retinoblastoma is a condition where the most sensitive part of the eye, the retina, is overcome with cancer. It is an extremely rare cancer that is found most often in young people when the eye is still developing. This cancer of the retina can happen in one or more of the eyes.
The symptoms of retinoblastoma vary from patient to patient. Some patients may experience extremely painful eye pain, especially during the day. Other patients may experience no pain at all. The most common symptoms of retinoblastoma are listed below. If you or any of your children are experiencing any of these symptoms, then you need to see your doctor as soon as possible.
- White pupil when light is shined into it
- Eyes that are difficult to move
- Pain localized to the eye or the head
- Death if left untreated
- Eyes that appear red
- Eye irritation
- Constantly dilated pupil
- Child constantly rubbing his or her eyes
- Weeping eyes
Doctors and researchers are not completely sure as to why retinoblastoma happens. The primary hypothesis is that retinoblastoma is a genetic condition, although this condition is difficult to trace through the generations, because genetic testing has not been around for more than a few generations. Retinoblastoma is passed down through the generations by an autosomal dominant pattern. That means that the child only needs one parent with the gene to have a fifty percent chance of contracting the cancer. If you have a family history of retinoblastoma, then you should consult your doctor. This will allow you to catch the retinoblastoma before you experience symptoms. The causes of retinoblastoma are listed below:
- Genetic mutation
- Unknown environmental factors
In order for a doctor or other health care professional to diagnose retinoblastoma he or she must perform a non-invasive medical procedure. This is a medical procedure that involves an eye exam or an fMRI. An fMRI is an imaging mechanism that scans the body’s tissues for cancerous cells.
- For the doctor to do an eye exam there does not have to be probable cause for retinoblastoma. These eye checks are normally routine at the doctor’s office. If there is a cause, however, it is usually dictated by the patient who may come to a clinic complaining of eye pain or difficulty seeing.
The kidneys do not fail all of a sudden, it is a gradual process, with the possibility of modifying behavior and lifestyle while taking prescribed medications, that together can extend the life of your kidneys. However, once it is determined to be chronic kidney disease there is no cure only management, slowing the progression of the disease and managing complications and co-morbids. Early stage kidney disease treatments include the following:
- Eating a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables
- Limiting intake of foods high in sodium (salt), processed sugars and saturated fats
- Maintaining a healthy weight with regular exercise
- Eating protein, based on renal dietitian’s recommendations
- Limits on phosphorus and potassium intake only if blood levels are above normal
As the disease progresses, treatment is often a matter of treating complications, with medication for:
- High blood
- Lowering cholesterol
- Relieving the retaining fluids and swelling of legs
- Protecting bones