Penicillins form a collection of antibiotics used to eliminate bacteria that cause infection in the body. While the immune system fights and destroys harmful bacteria, there are situations where the self-defense mechanism of the body is overwhelmed, and the need for use of antibiotics is called for. Penicillins work by causing damage to the cell walls of bacteria and penetrating them thus killing the bacteria. Bacteria constantly rebuild their cell walls as a way of protecting themselves as well as maintaining their structure.
Below you will find a list of drugs that fall under the class of Progestins.
This collection of antibiotics is one of the first types of antibiotic drugs used in treating major infections and diseases caused by bacteria. Penicillins were among the first drugs used in treating diseases like syphilis. Patients could be prescribed penicillins to help in treating bacterial infections such as tonsillitis.
Someone with a weak immune system may also take these antibiotics to prevent infection by bacteria. For example, if one has an existing illness that makes the natural immune system weak, they may be put under penicillins. The drugs may be used to help the immune system of a patient who is under treatment that leaves him or her vulnerable to infection. There are several kinds of penicillins that are aimed at treating different bacterial infections such as ear, urinary tract, dental, skin, and respiratory tract infections.
Progestins Side Effects
Like many other drugs, penicillins also induce side effects to persons who use them. Some of these side effects may be common, and others are rare. Among the common side effects, include:
- Feeling or being sick
- Development of rashes
- Less serious allergic reactions
- Sore mouth and tongue
- Vaginal itching as well as discharge
- whitish patches on tongue or mouth
Such side effects should dissipate as one adjusts to the drugs and may not need medical attention unless a patient experiences the effects persistently. Rare side effects that occur to fewer individuals are such as dermatitis, inflammation of the kidney and liver, dizziness, and thrush. Patients should inform their physicians of any health problem, medication they are using, or allergies they have on food, preservative, and dyes.
There are medicines and substances, which cannot be taken together with penicillins, and they include oral contraceptives, allopurinol, and methotrexate. If a patient takes allopurinol alongside antibiotics like amoxicillin and ampicillin, there is a danger of suffering a non-allergic rash. Similarly, some penicillins can weaken the effectiveness and function of oral contraceptives.
If a patient uses penicillins in combination with oral contraceptives, it may increase the chances of being pregnant. Penicillins also decrease the ability of the body to get naturally rid of methotrexate, something that can cause serious complications. Methotrexate is a compound used to treat certain types of cancer like leukemia and autoimmune diseases such as arthritis. It is usually administered after other drugs have failed to treat the symptoms. Talk to your doctor before using penicillins to determine if you have any condition that could make you unfit to use the drugs.