Brand Name(s): Iosat, ThyroSafe
Drug Class: Antithyroid agents Expectorants
Treats: Cough, Hyperthyroidism, Radiation emergency, Cutaneous sporotrichosis
Potassium Iodide is a medication that is used as a treatment various breathing complications. It works in the airways by clearing the mucus that makes it hard to breath. It may also be used in the treatment of thyroids. The drug is mostly available in the form of a solution and it is for oral administration only.
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Potassium Iodide Uses
Potassium Iodide is a medication that is formulated to be used in the treatment of various conditions. It may be used as treatment for various respiratory conditions like asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema and may others due to its expectorant properties.
Potassium Iodide helps the patient to cough up mucus thus clearing airways. As an antithyroid agent, Potassium Iodide protects thyroid glands from the toxic effects of radioactive iodine. It blocks the chances of radioactive iodine from entering the thyroid glands. It may also be used in treating other conditions as prescribed by the physician.
Condition that Potassium Iodide can be used to treat:
- Radiation emergency
- Cutaneous sporotrichosis
Potassium Iodide Dosage
Potassium Iodide dosage should be administered as per the physician’s prescription. This is only that you can the severe side effects associated with drug abuse. Like many other drugs, Potassium Iodide package comes with clear instructions from the manufacturer on how it should be administered. If there are no clear manufacturer’s instructions on the package, a certified pharmacist should determine the right dosage.
Adult’s usual dosage:
- A cough; 300 to 650 mg orally 4 times a day
- Hyperthyroidism; 250 mg orally 3 times a day
- Cutaneous Sporotrichosis; 250 to 500 thrice a day
Usual pediatric dose
- A cough; 60 to 250 mg orally 4-6 times a day. Maximum dose; 500 mg
- Hyperthyroidism; oral solution; 250 mg orally thrice. This should be done 10 to 14 days before thyroid surgery.
- Cutaneous sporotrichosis; 250 to 500 mg orally thrice a day.
Potassium Iodide Side Effects
Potassium Iodide may cause various side effects to the patient. It is important for patients to inform their doctor about any unusual feeling after taking Potassium Iodide. However, common side effects do not alarm any health complications and thus there is no need to report them. Patients should avoid an overdose of the medicine. Patients should also inform the doctors if they are under any prescription or non-prescription medicine, dietary supplement or herbal preparation.
Common side effects:
- Painful joints
- Swelling of the mouth
- Tightness in the chest
- Fast heartbeat
Severe side effects:
- Increased watering of the mouth
- Irregular heart beat
- Difficulty in breathing
- Vision changes
Potassium Iodide Interactions
Potassium Iodide has been found to interact with other drugs. One must be very carefully on which drugs they are combining with Potassium Iodide. If you are going through any treatment, seek medical advice from a pharmacist so as to avoid drug interaction complication.
These are some of the drugs that interact with Potassium Iodide: