Generic Name(s): Pilocarpine HCL
Drug Class: Cholinergic agonists
Treats: High pressure in the eyes, glaucoma, intraocular hypertension
Pilosol is used to treat increased pressure in the eye. Pilosol is described as a direct-acting miotic. Pilosol functions by decreasing the level of fluid pressure in the eyeball by escalating fluid drainage from the eyeball. For most individuals who have glaucoma, no visible symptoms manifest themselves. For persons who may have been using drugs to enlarge the pupil for instance during an eye exam, Pilosol is useful to decrease this enlargement.
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Pilosol is used either alone or with other medications to treat high pressure in the eyes triggered by glaucoma or other eye sicknesses, for instance, ocular hypertension. Lowering high pressure inside the eye helps to prevent blindness, vision loss and nerve damage. For persons who may have been using drugs used to enlarge the pupil for instance during an eye exam, Pilosol can reduce the enlargement.
Pilosol works by making the pupil decrease in size which in effect leads to decreasing the amount of fluids in the eye.
- High pressure in the eyes (intraocular hypertension)
The Pilosol dosage depends on the individual and the condition being treated. To apply eye drops clean your hands first. Remove any contact lenses before application and after application, wait at least 15 minutes before replacing the contact lenses. Tilt your head upwards and pull down your lower eyelid to create a pouch. At this point, hold the dropper directly above your eye and place one drop into the pouch. You should then let go of the eyelids and gently close your eyes. To prevent the medication from draining out, you should place one finger at the corner of your eye (near the nose) and apply pressure for a minute or two. Below you will find a typical Pilosol dosage.
- The preliminary dose is one or two drops applied to the affected eye(s).
- Apply 3 to 4 times each day or as directed by your doctor.
- The frequency of instillation and concentration of Pilosol is determined by the severity of the glaucoma and the miotic response of the patient. For persons with heavily pigmented irises, higher strengths may be needed.
Pilosol Side Effects
Pilosol is in most cases well tolerated but can cause many different side effects. Most Pilosol side effects are usually temporary. It is imperative to tell your health-care provider about any side effect so that you can be monitored. The side effects include the following. Note that not all possible Pilosol side effects are listed here.
- Stinging in the eye
- Temporary blurred vision
- Poor vision in dim light
- Brow ache
- Abdominal pain
- Unusual sweating
- Increased saliva
- Change in sensation
- Burning sensation
- Halos around lights
- Stuffy nose
- Loss of appetite
Like any drug, Pilosol may interact with other drugs and substances. When you are using Pilosol, it is important that your physician knows if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. Using Pilosol together with any of the following medicines is not recommended, but may be necessary for certain circumstances. Here is the list of drugs likely to interact with Pilosol. Note that not all possible Pilosol interactions are listed here.