Generic Name(s): Potassium citrate/citric acid
Drug Class: Urinary Alkanizing Agent
Treats: Hypokalemia, Urinary tract calculi (uric acid and cystine stones), Digitalis overdose
Physiosol belongs to the drug class of urinary alkalinizing agent. Physiosol is an alkaline salt that treats acidic urine. Acidic urine precipitates kidney stones, mainly uric acid and cystine calculi. Physiosol contains potassium, therefore, corrects and prevents hypokalemia. Physiosol treats digitalis overdose.
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Physiosol alkalinizes the acidic urine, hence, treats, prevents or alleviates symptoms of diseases associated with acidic urine. Acidic urine allows for the formation of uric acid and cystine stones in the urinary tract.
- digitalis overdose
In addition, acidic urine causes cystitis and gouty attacks. By correcting the acidity in the urine, Physiosol relieves the associated discomfort and pain in the mentioned conditions.;Hypokalemia occurs in the setting of severe diarrhoea, diabetic ketoacidosis, protracted use of loop diuretics, Cushing's syndrome, Conn's syndrome and pancreatic fistula.
Physiosol should be used as prescribed by the physician. The doctor should be well aware of any medication you are currently on, including supplements, over the counter drugs and herbal preparation. The indication and age of the patient guide the dosage.
Standard adult dose:
- 15 to 30mls (3 to 6 teaspoons) of Physiosol, diluted with one glass of water taken four times a day after meals and at bedtime.
Standard paediatric dose:
- 5 to 15mls (1 to 3 teaspoons) of Physiosol, diluted with half a glass of water, taken four times a day after meals and at bedtime.
Physiosol Side Effects
Physiosol causes side effects that may either be mild and tolerable while others are severe and life threatening. Should you observe any side effect categorised as severe, urgently seek medical attention. As for mild side effects, see to notice it they subside. Should they persist, consult a doctor.
Mild side effects include:
- Appearance of Cytra-K in stool
- Mild diarrhoea
Severe side effects include:
- Persistent, unrelenting abdominal pain, diarrhoea and vomiting
- Irregular, slow or fast heart rate
- Anxiety, labile moods, confusion
- Muscle twitching, pain or weakness
- Melena stools
- Swelling of feet or ankles
Physiosol may interact with other drugs resulting in mild, moderate or severe reactions. Caution must be exercised when using Physiosol concurrently with other medications. Your prescribing physician should make that call.
Some drugs that cause significant interactions when combined with Physiosol include:
- Potassium acid phosphate
- Potassium phosphates
- Potassium chloride
- Aluminium hydroxide
- Aluminium carbonate