Generic Name(s): thiopental
Drug Class: General anesthetics
Treats: Anxiety, Seizure, Causing anesthesia
Pentothal (thiopental) is a medication that is used to treat or control anxiety before a surgical operation. It is used to cause sleep or drowsiness before a surgery procedure to alow for the operation to be done smoothly. Pentothal is available in the form of a solution and it is administered intravenous as an injection.
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Pentothal is a barbiturate medication that is formulated to control anxiety. It is formulated with thiopental as the main agent. Pentothal works by slowing the brain activity, depressing the nervous system, causing sleep and mild sedation.;
Pentothal is mostly used or prescribed to patients prior going through a surgical operation. Although it has some anesthetic properties, it is administered into a patient before they are given the real anesthetic drug. It may also be used in the treatment of seizures. The drug may also be used as a treatment for other conditions as the physician may prescribe.
Condition that Pentothal can be used to treat:
- Light sedation
- Anesthetic purposes
Pentothal dosage should be administered as per the physician's prescription. Like many other drugs, its package comes with clear administration guidelines from the manufacturer. If there is no clear manufacturer's instructions on the Pentothal package seeking for a certified physician to determine the right dosage. Pentothal is supplied in solution and it should be for administration as an injection through the intravenous route only.
Usual adult dosage for:
- Anesthesia; 50 to 75 mg that is equivalent to 2-3 mL of a 2.5% solution at intervals of 20 to 40. Once the anesthesia has been achieved, the patient can be subjected to 25 to 50 mg whenever they turn.
Usual pediatric dosage for:
- Anxiety and anesthesia; the dosage for the pediatric patient should only be determined by the physician taking into consideration factors like the age, weight, and their medical state.
Pentothal Side Effects
Pentothal may cause unexpected side effects to the patient. It is, therefore, important for patients to inform their doctor about anything unusual after taking Pentothal. However, common side effects do not alarm any health complications and thus there is no need to report them. Patients should avoid an overdose of Pentothal since it can cause severe complications.
Common side effects:
- Swelling of the mouth
- Tightness in the chest
- Fast heartbeat
Severe side effects:
- Trouble sleeping
- Severe dizziness
- Difficulty in urinating
- Difficulty in breathing
- Vision changes
Many drugs have a tendency to interact with other substances in the body. The interaction of the drugs may cause effects ranging from mild to severe ones. Pentothal is one of the drugs that are known for drug interaction. Avoid combining Pentothal with other drugs unless your physician has advised you to do so. This will reduce significantly the chances of severe interactions.
Drugs that interact with Pentothal:
- Ethyl Alcohol