Brand Name(s): Ritalin, Methylin, Metadate, Concerta, Quillivant
Drug Class: Central Nervous System Stimulants
Treats: ADD, ADHD, Narcolepsy
Methylphenidate is a drug used in the treatment of conditions such as ADD, ADHD, and narcolepsy. The drug belongs to a group known as CNS stimulants, thereby helping the patient remain focussed. Common side effects associated with methylphenidate use include difficulty sleeping, nervousness and nausea.
Methylphenidate is a central nervous system stimulant used in the treatment of narcolepsy, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and attention deficit disorder (ADD). It comes in form of extended-release tablets of 10 and 20 mg for oral use.
The tablets are an extended-release formulation of methylphenidate with a bimodal release profile. Each capsule contains pellets, with half the dose as delayed release and the other half immediate release to provide an immediate release of methylphenidate and a second delayed release.
Methylphenidate works by blocking the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine into the presynaptic neuron and increase the release of these monoamines into the extraneuronal space. Thus, it affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.