Lung infections Treatment, Drugs, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Lung infections are any infections that affect the lungs. There are two main types of lung infections; those that affect the larger airways (bronchitis) and those that affect the smaller air sacs (pneumonia). Typically, lung infections are characterized by a buildup of pus and fluid leading to the swelling of the airways, thus making it difficult to breath.

Lung infections Drugs

  • doxycycline hyclate ora
  • minocycline oral 
  • doxycycline ora
  • Medrol oral 
  • Medrol (Pak) ora
  • Doryx oral 
  • prednisolone oral
  • tetracycline ora
  • Suprax ora
  • Solu-Medrol intravenous 
  • cefprozil ora
  • doxycycline monohydrate oral
  • Adoxa ora
  • Minocin ora
  • cortisone oral
  • Monodox oral
  • Orapred ODT ora
  • Acticlate ora
  • acetylcysteine
  • terbutaline oral 
  • Veripred 20 oral 
  • ofloxacin oral 
  • Millipred oral 
  • doxycycline hyclate intravenous
  • metaproterenol oral
  • demeclocycline oral  

Lung infections Symptoms

Lung infections are prevalent during winter and spring. The symptoms strike abruptly or can affect you slowly over a few days. The symptoms will vary depending on age, cause and severity of infection as well any other medical condition that you may have. The symptoms of lung infections typically include:

  • Feeling unwell
  • Blue color around the lips (cyanosis)
  • Stomach pain
  • Chest pain
  • Fast or difficult breathing
  • Coughing with brown or green-colored phlegm
  • A child may vomit, have diarrhea and be irritable or lethargic.
  • Fever (sweating, shivering, chills)
  • Headaches
  • General aches and pains
  • Loss of appetite

Lung infections Causes

The cause of lung infections depends on the type of infection. Some conditions such as chronic diseases, a weakened immune system, smoking or being hospitalized increase the risk of developing a lung infection. Typically, lung infections are caused by:

  • Bacteria, the most common being the Streptococcus pneumonie
  • Bacteria-like organisms as mycoplasma pnemoniae
  • Viruses ; Some viruses that cause colds and flu can cause lung infections
  • Fungi ; Fungi is one of the most common causes of lung infections in people with a weak immune system or chronic health problems. Fungi that cause lung infections are mostly found in soil or animal droppings.

Lung infections Diagnosis

Diagnosing chest infection involves a visit to the doctor who will then ask you about your medical history and conduct a physical examination of your lungs. The exam may involve checking for abnormal bubbling or cracking sounds that indicate the presence of secretions using a stethoscope. If chest infections are detected the doctor may recommend:

  • Blood tests to confirm infection and probably identify the causing organism
  • Chest x-ray to determine the extent and location of the infection
  • Sputum tests particularly if you have a whooping cough. Sputum tests are used to establish signs of allergies
  • Pulmonary function test to measure how much air the lungs can hold and how fast the air gets out of the lungs

Lung infections Treatment

Lung infections can be treated at home, particularly for people with bronchitis. Assessment of bronchitis, however, is quite complex. While pneumonia can be managed at home using over the counter antibiotics, severe cases may necessitate admission to the intensive care unit. Severe cases of pneumonia may be life threatening,

Treatment options include:

  • Use of over the counter and prescription drugs to manage the infection
  • Admission to the hospital for further treatment particularly for young children and the elderly who are exposed to a greater risk of severe complications
  • A chest X-ray if the patient hasn’t made full recovery in 6 weeks