Generic Name(s): clonidine (oral)
Drug Class: Imidazoline receptor agonists
Treats: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), high blood pressure (hypertension), quitting smoking, withdrawal symptoms from narcotic drugs, hot flashes during menopause.
Kapvay is a prescription drug used in treating high blood pressure, cancer pain and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Kapvay belongs to the centrally acting alpha-agonist hypotensive agents group of drugs. The drug functions by decreasing heart rate and relaxing blood vessels. The drug also prevents pain signals from being sent to the brain. This drug comes in patch, extended-release tablet, and tablet forms. It also comes in an injectable form that can be given by a medical professional.
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Kapvay is used alone or with other drugs in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The medication acts as part of a Complete treatment plan, including social and psychological treatments. Kapvay may also be used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), to help in quitting smoking, for withdrawal symptoms from narcotic drugs, and for hot flashes that occur during menopause. Patients should never mistake Kapvay for a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. The medication should form part of ADHD total complete program, which may include counseling and therapies. The drug may be used solely or with a stimulant and can be prescribed as a single drug to treat a child's ADHD.
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Patients must strictly adhere to the doctor's instructions before using Kapvay. The dosage depends on the medical condition and the response of the patient. Kapvay should be taken by mouth with food if the patient wishes. The drug should be taken two times daily (in the morning and at bedtime). Patients should take the larger doses at bedtime, in case the doses are not equal. Doctors may direct that a patient start with a low dose and gradually increase the doses, to reduce the risk of side effects. The extended-release tablets should not be crushed or chewed. In addition, the tablets should not be split unless they have a score line, and the doctor has instructed. The tablets need to be swallowed as a whole. A patient should never switch to different forms of Kapvay since other forms of this drug may deliver different amounts of the drug
Kapvay Side Effects
Doctors prescribe Kapvay because its benefits exceed the risk of side effects. However, Kapvay has its side effects. The most common side effects for are are listed below.
- Sore throat
- Ear pain
- Increased body temperature
- Upper way tract infection
- Dry throat
- Dry mouth
- Change in taste
- Dry mouth
- Drop in blood pressure
Drug interactions can affect how Kapvay works or increase a patient's risk for serious side effects. Patients must inform their doctors at all times about all the drugs in current use. A patient should not change, start or stop the dosage of another medicine without the doctor's approval. Patients should check out for NSAIDs (such as naproxen, ibuprofen), cough-and-cold products and diet aids since these products may contain ingredients that can increase blood pressure or cause drowsiness. Some products that interact with Kapvay include: