Internal medicine is a medical specialty that covers several conditions affecting internal organs. Some diseases affect individual organs, but most diseases such as high blood pressure, cancer and arteriosclerosis may affect these internal organs. Internal medicine requires that an internist (specialist in internal medicine) be able to recognize and manage a broad range of illnesses. In many ways, internists are similar to general physicians, but the two are distinct. For example, an internist treats patients of all ages.
The internist commonly practices in medical facilities where it is possible to provide immediate care for the patients in the case of any acute illness or where the patient’s condition can be easily supervised. Subspecialties of internal medicine include Nephrology, Hematology, Pulmonology, Cardiology, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology, Oncology, Rheumatology and Infectious diseases.
Internists focus on adult medicine and specialize in studying the prevention and treatment of adult illnesses. Some also treat children. These doctors spend most of their training focusing on the prevention and diagnosis of diseases that affect adults. Internal medicine is equipped to deal with whichever problem a patient presents. Internal medicine can solve puzzling diagnostic problems and solve serious chronic illnesses where several diseases strike simultaneously. The specialty also brings to patients an understanding of wellness, substance abuse, women’s health, and mental health.
In today’s complex medical field, internal medicine takes pride in caring for patients for life whether in hospitals, nursing homes, intensive care, office or clinic. Whenever other medical specialists like obstetricians or surgeons cannot help a patient, internists coordinate patient’s care and manage difficult medical conditions associated with the care. The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) collaborates with its 24 member boards to establish and implement professional and educational standards for certifying doctors in different medical specialties. You can use their website to enable a patient search for the best doctors in internal medicine.
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