Ibuprofen is a drug used in the treatment of inflammation and pain. It can also be used in the treatment of fever. It belongs to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory class of drugs, a class which works by disrupting the production of pro-inflammatory substances called prostaglandins. Ibuprofen achieves this by inhibiting an enzyme called COX.
Ibuprofen can, therefore, be used in a wide variety of conditions: from osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, to pain, fever, and amenorrhea. Ibuprofen can be administered via oral, rectal, topical, and intravenous routes.
Common side effects with Ibuprofen include upset stomach, heartburn, dizziness, mild itching, tinnitus, bloating, and vomiting.