Hypogonadism Treatment, Drugs, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Hypogonadism is a disorder that is associated with deficiency of sex hormones that are responsible sex character control. The condition occurs when the body’s sex glands or the gonads are unable to produce or produces little sex hormones than required. There two types of hypogonadism: primary and central. Primary hypogonadism originates from gonads problem while central hypogonadism has a problem in lying in the brain. It is a treatable disorder especially when it is identified at an early stage.


Hypogonadism Drugs

  • Estrogen for women
  • Testosterone for male patients


Hypogonadism Symptoms

There are many symptoms that are associated with hypogonadism. The symptoms will also vary depending on the type of hypogonadism disorder that the patient is suffering from and their sex. Male and female patients will show different symptoms. These are some of the main hypogonadism symptoms that can easily be identified:

Female symptoms include:

  • no menstruation
  • slow or absent breast growth
  • hot flashes
  • loss of body hair
  • low sex drive
  • milky discharge from the breasts

Male symptoms include:

  • osteoporosis
  • loss of body hair
  • muscle loss
  • low sex drive
  • infertility
  • reduced growth of penis and testicles
  • erectile dysfunction
  • fatigue
  • breast growth
  • hot flashes
  • difficulty concentrating


Hypogonadism Causes

There are many reasons why a patient may be suffering from hypogonadism. The most common thing is the normal hormonal imbalance that is triggered by the pituitary gland. The causes will vary depending on the type of hypogonadism the patient that the patient is suffering from- either Primary or central hypogonadism.

Causes of primary hypogonadism:

  • infections
  • liver and kidney diseases
  • autoimmune disorders
  • genetic disorders, such as Turner and Klinefelter syndrome
  • radiation exposure
  • surgery on the sex organs

Central hypogonadism may be caused by:

  • genetic disorders, such as Kallmann syndrome
  • infections, including HIV and AIDS
  • pituitary disorders
  • obesity
  • rapid weight loss
  • nutritional deficiencies
  • use of steroids or opiates
  • bleeding
  • brain surgery


Hypogonadism Diagnosis

To diagnose hypogonadism, the physician will first learn the patient’s medical history. This will form the basis of diagnosis since it will show if the patient had been treated for the same disorder. What follows is a series of physical exams to confirm the low hormone levels based on the patient age. These are some of the best methods of diagnosing hypogonadism:

  • Hormone tests- this test involves the hormone levels in the blood. The test involves a blood test to determine the levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
  • Imaging tests- Ultrasound may be used to diagnose ovaries of any complication and the pituitary gland of any tumor.


Hypogonadism Treatment

If you are diagnosed with hypogonadism, then immediate treatment programs or controlled of the condition must be initiated. Since hypogonadism is a hormonal disorder, a lot of caution must be employed while treating this condition. The sex patient will also determine the type of treatment to be employed. Both men and women have different treatment methods.

Treatment for women:

  • Estrogen therapy- Estrogen is the main female sex hormone responsible for female characteristics. The hormone may be administered as a pill or injection to rectify the disorder.

Treatment for men:

  • Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is the most widely used treatment for hypogonadism disorder. Testosterone is the male hormone that is responsible for male characteristics. It may be administered as an injection, gel, lozenge or patch.