Hematology is a branch of medicine that deals with the study of blood in the body in both normal condition as well as a blood disease. The physiologist who specialize in the field of hematology are known as hematologist. They study, treat and manage disease of the blood and its components like red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen and proteins. Hematology is an essential part of treatment of diseases like anemia, blood cancer, leukemia, clotting disorders, thrombocytopenia, etc.
The various tests that Hematologists use include full blood count (total count of Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells and Platelets), blood film, staining (to detect blood parasites), bone marrow examination, karyotyping, etc. Hematologists may also specialize in specific areas of hematology like the treatment of diseases such as: hemophilia, leukemia, hemoglobinopathies, lymphoma as well as blood transfusion or stem cell transplantation.
The treatment of any blood disease depends upon the readiness and skill of the physician who is treating it. Therefore, it becomes highly important to locate the best hematologist in your area. For this, the best place to refer is the website of the American Society of Hematology, which boasts of 15000 members from all over the world. They have a huge directory of Hematologists, along with their specialization and whether they accept new patients, offer second opinion or perform case reviews.
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