Yeast infections are known by various names in medical science: Vaginal candidiasis, Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) OR genital candidiasis. A vaginal yeast infection is an irritation of the vagina and the vulva. Yeast infections are bacterial infections caused by candida albicans. These Candida albicans account for about 92% of all cases of yeast infections. The remainder falls under other candida species. It is a medical condition where a large number of bacteria live on the human body in small numbers. Yeast are a kind of fungus. While vaginal yeast infection can occur from having sexual intercourse, they are not considered to be sexually transmitted diseases otherwise known as STDs.
The symptoms of yeast infection are various depending on the severity. In some cases, symptoms do not appear especially when it is a mild condition.
Some of the more common ones are severe itching in and around the vagina. Some people might also feel a burning sensation in the vagina area and yet others might experience swelling. A common symptom is a whitish/gray cheesy discharge from the vagina. This discharge might be thick or watery. Quite a number of women have also felt a burning sensation while urinating, as well as pains during sexual intercourse.
Although the bacteria that causes yeast infections live naturally in our bodies, their growth is checked by the acidity level within the vagina. A drop within this acidity level can cause the yeast to multiply to large numbers beyond control thereby resulting in a yeast infection. Other conditions, which can cause the yeast infection, include irregular menstrual cycles, pregnancy, steroids, birth control, antibiotics, intake of a large amount of sweets and excessive moisture within the vagina.
The diagnosis of yeast infection is preceded by the patient explaining their symptoms to the physicians.
The treatment of yeast infections depends largely on the severity and composition of the condition.
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