Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, also known as PMDD, is a very serious case of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMDD and PMS have similar symptoms but the ones associated with premenstrual dysphoric disorder are severe and can even interfere with your day to day activities such as work and relationships.
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PMDD has eleven symptoms commonly experienced by women. Having at least five of the following is typically considered enough for a diagnosis of PMDD. One of the symptoms of the five must be related to mood and anger. Below you will find the symptoms of PMDD.
The main cause of premenstrual dysphoric disorder is not entirely known. A number of researchers have however established that PMDD is a result of hormonal changes which are as a result of the menstrual cycle. There have been studies that have also shown a connection between PMDD and extremely low levels of serotonin. Serotonin is a chemical in the brain whose function is to help in the transmitting of nerve signals. The brain cells that use serotonin are also involved in regulating attention, mood, sleep and pain. It is, however, possible that a sudden and unexpected change in the levels of serotonin can lead to a case of PMDD.
Diagnosing PMDD can be difficult because of its similarity to PMS. Many individuals may also believe that the extreme pain and disruption is part of their menstrual cycle. If your menstrual cycle is interrupting your regular life, speak to your doctor. They may diagnose you with PMDD.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is treated using a number of the same methods used to remedy premenstrual syndrome. Some of these methods of treating PMDD include:
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