An overactive bladder is a condition whereby the bladder fails to store urine, often resulting in the patient's need to urinate frequently, sometimes involuntarily. Due to its embarrassing nature, most patients tend to isolate themselves and limit their social lives.
Patients with an overactive bladder will experience one or more of the following:
Before understanding the possible causes of an overactive bladder, it is important to know how a normal bladder functions. When the bladder is full, the brain is signaled to trigger urination. As a person urinates, the brain coordinates the relaxation and contraction of the pelvic floor muscles and the bladder respectively. The muscles of a patient with an overactive bladder will contract even when the amount of urine is low.
A patient undergoing diagnosis for an overactive bladder will be asked questions concerning his/her family's medical history. The patient will also be required to answer a number of questions which will be followed by a pelvic, rectal and genital exam.
Doctors are likely to recommend a combination of various treatments and exercises to treat this condition.
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