Macular degeneration is also known as AMD/ARMD, an abbreviation for age-related macular degeneration. This happens in elders who are above fifty years. This results in loss of visibility in the Macula, the central visual field. Macular degeneration occurs in wet and dry forms and is due to the damage done to the retina the choroid is the network of blood vessels and it provides blood to the retina, which is the network of nerves and visual receptors. The retina lies over the choroid. -In both dry and wet forms the retina detaches from the choroid due to known reasons. It can be exudative (dry) or exudative (wet). In dry form Drusen accumulates in between the retina and the choroid. Druses are the cellular debris. In a case of the wet form, there is an unwanted growth of the blood vessels in the choroid detaching the retina from the choroid. Macular degeneration is one of the most common causes of impaired vision and blindness in people over 50 years of age. It becomes hard to read the faces and recognize them though the patient can do other regular activities as enough vision remains.
If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms of macular degeneration, please contact your physician immediately.
Below are the most commonly cited causes for Macular Degeneration.
In order to properly diagnose macular degeneration, physicians use some of the following techniques.
It's important to know that there are two types of macular degeneration: dry and wet. There is no cure for dry macular degeneration, though there are treatment options to help with the symptoms. Both types of macular degeneration can be treated with surgery.
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