Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a disorder that involves the pituitary gland (a gland located at the base of the brain). This gland produces the growth hormone as well as other hormones. When the pituitary gland fails to produce enough growth hormone, growth will be slower than normal, leading to the medical condition. Growth hormone is required for normal growth in children. In adults, growth hormone is essential to maintain the proper amount of body fat, muscle and bone. Low or lack of growth hormone in adults can also result in emotional symptoms such as tiredness and lack of motivation. Most adults with growth hormone deficiency have a history of pituitary tumors that may have been earlier treated with radiation or surgery.
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A total growth hormone deficiency is often discovered in a child's infancy. Initially at birth, the height and weight of the infant are typical. However, between 3 to 9 months, the child's growth rate will be reduced.
There is no known cause of growth hormone deficiency in children. However, in adults the most common cause is due to low levels of growth hormone in the pituitary gland, tumors, or other syndromes.
Below you will find the proper ways to diagnose a case of growth hormone deficiency.
When an individual experiences symptoms of growth hormone deficiency, certain treatments are used to replace the low levels of hormones in the body. Typically, treatments are given through injections.
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