Gonorrhea is a contagious sexually transmitted infection also known as the drip or clap. In most cases, Gonorrhea is transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. It is caused by a bacterium known as Neisseria gonorrhea that easily grows and multiplies in mucus membranes of the body. Gonorrhea is a common STI, especially among those who engage in unprotected sex.
Signs and symptoms of Gonorrhea will vary from one patient to the other depending on their immune system and period after infection. In some cases, symptoms occur within 2 to 10 days after exposure to the bacteria. However, symptoms may take up to 30 days to develop. When you suspect of suffering from Gonorrhea, seek medical attention in advance before the symptoms occur. The following are some of the common signs and symptoms;
- Pelvic pain
- Whitish discharge from the vagina
- Bleeding between periods
- Spotting after intercourse
- Swollen glands
- Whitish discharge from the penis
- Swollen and/or painful testicles
- Burning when urinating
- Swollen glands in the throat
The major cause of Gonorrhea is Neisseria gonorrhoea, a bacterium known to multiply and grow in the mucous membranes of the body. The bacteria grow in warm and moist areas of the reproductive system including the uterus, cervix and fallopian tubes. Neisseria gonorrhoeae also grows and multiplies in the urethra. It can also survive in the anus, mouth and throat. Gonorrhea bacteria are transmitted through sexual intercourse and when your body fluids come into contact with fluids of infected people. This makes it possible for a newborn baby to get infected during birth if the mother is infected. Below you will find the cause of gonorrhea.
- Neisseria gonorrhoeae
There are different ways of diagnosing Gonorrhea, but signs and symptoms are the first considerations. This might not be a reliable diagnostic test since some symptoms may be similar with those of other illnesses, especially other STIs. For a diagnostic test, the doctor takes penile or vaginal discharge and examines it in a lab to determine the results. A stain is added to the specimen and observed under a microscope. A reaction determines the diagnosis of Gonorrhea causing bacterium. The same sample may be smeared in a dish and incubated under ideal growth conditions for the bacteria. A colony of Gonorrhea bacteria is expected to grow in case of an infection.
There are various ways a medical practitioner can treat Gonorrhea but the use of antibiotics is the most common and effective. To cure the infection, the doctor can either prescribe injectable or oral antibiotics. To prevent further spread of Gonorrhea or re-infection, your partner need to be treated at the same time as well. It is also recommended you avoid sex until you complete the dosage. Avoid multiple partners and use condoms when having sex. Failure to treat Gonorrhea may lead to other complicated conditions like infertility, pelvic inflammatory, ectopic pregnancy, epididymitis and other life-threatening infections. Both injectable and oral antibiotics work by stopping the growth of Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium.