Brand Name(s): Razadyne, Reminyl
Drug Class: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor
Treats: mild to moderate forms of dementia
Galantamine HBr is used to treat patients who have been diagnosed with mild to moderate forms of dementia. Dementia is a symptom of Alzheimer's. This is a condition in the brain in which the mental ability of a patient gradually declines. Galantamine HBr is available in extended release capsules and oral solution. A generic version is available. This medication requires a doctor's prescription.
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Galantamine HBR Uses
Galantamine HBr is a drug used to treat symptoms of dementia. Dementia is a condition that is usually associated with Alzheimer's. Dementia is usually characterized by the gradual decline of a patient's mental ability to cope with daily life. This condition is usually caused by physical changes in the brain.
This medication works by improving the memory function for patients, even those who may have significant decline in the brain. Galantamine HBr helps patients to remember both long-term and short-term memory in the brain. Patients taking this medication should see significant improvement in areas of reasoning, focus and mental processing. This medication helps patients to increase their attention span and mental clarity. Galantamine HBr works by interfering with an enzyme that causes the breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that handles cognitive functions.
Therefore, if the patient's condition worsens, they should contact their doctor.
Galantamine HBR Dosage
Galantamine dosage is completely dependent on the individual who takes it as it can be used for a variety of different treatments. Note that the amount of Galantamine depends on the amount of times you plan on taking each day.
- Adults: Take Galantamine twice a day with food (in the morning and in the evening). Drink plenty of fluids. Dosage, not to exceed a maximum of 24 mg a day. Starting dosage may be set at 8 mg/day. Do not stop taking medication unless directed by a doctor. It may take up to 4 weeks of continued usage to get the maximum benefit. If taking the oral solution, mix with 4 ounces of non-alcoholic beverage.
Galantamine HBR Side Effects
Galantamine, like any other drug comes with its collection of side effects that vary with each who uses it. If you experience any severe side effects, consult your doctor or medical professional immediately.
Common Galantamine Effects:
- loss of appetite
Consult with your doctor if you experience any of the following side effects:
- black/bloody stools
- irregular heartbeat
- abdominal pain
Galantamine HBR Interactions
Below you will find a list of Galantamine drug and substance interactions. In many cases, Galantamine should not be combined with other medications unless approved by a physician. Consult with your doctor before taking any new medication.
Note that this list does not include a variety of over the counter drugs and vitamins that could also counteract and alter Galantamine.
Notify your doctor if you have a history of severe kidney or liver disease, breathing/lung problems including severe asthma, chronic COPD, seizures or problems urinating.
Since this medication causes drowsiness to patients who consume it, take special precaution not to drive or operate machinery until you are sure that you can perform these activities safely. For women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, notify your doctor before taking this medication as it may pose some risk to the developing fetus.
Drugs that interact with Galantamine:
- cholinesterase inhibitors (neostigimine)
- long term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (including ibuprofen, naproxen)
- azole antifungals including ketoconazole, amitriptyline
- beta blockers
- calcium channel blockers (diltiazem, verapamil)
- pain relievers/fever reducers