Generic Name(s): mesalamine (rectal)
Drug Class: 5-aminosalicylates
Treats: ulcerative colitis, diarrhea
FIV-ASA is a drug that treats disorders of the digestive tract by alleviating inflammation and abating the occurrence of diarrhea and other symptoms of colitis and related diseases.
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FIV-ASA is used to treat a variety of disorders of the digestive tract. The active ingredient in FIV-ASA is mesalamine, a drug that lessens the effects of inflammation and tissue damage within the colon and surrounding organs. FIV-ASA is often used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis, procto- sigmoiditis and proctitis. It is also used as a preventive measure to keep such disorders from occurring again. FIV-ASA treats:
- rectal bleeding
- ulcerative colitis
While mesalamine is available by tablet, FIV-ASA is only to be taken rectally, and cannot be consumed by mouth. It should not be prescribed to persons who suffer from diseases of the kidney or liver, or those who have an allergy to aspirin. Dosages may be adjusted or treatment may be temporarily suspended when patients are scheduled to undergo treatment for some other conditions.
FIV-ASA can be administered at home by the patient, either as a suppository or by means of a rectal enema. Immediately after taking the medication, lie down and refrain from using the toilet. Manufacturers recommend bedtime as the ideal time for administration.
- enema: 4 g, once daily for six weeks
- suppository: 1,000 mg, once daily for six weeks
FIV-ASA Side Effects
Some patients taking FIV-ASA may experience side effects, both mild and severe. This list is not exhaustive, but you should contact a doctor immediately if you experience:
- severe abdominal pain
- bleeding from the rectum
- blood in the stool
- bloody diarrhea
- blurry vision
- severe headache
- itchy skin and rash
- rapid or slow heartbeat
- abdominal swelling
- abdominal cramping
- unexplained fatigue
Other symptoms may be uncomfortable but do not require immediate medical attention. They include:
- mild diarrhea
- mild headache
- sneezing and stuffy or runny nose
- upset stomach or indigestion
- belching or flatulence
- hair loss
- joint pain
FIV-ASA has known interactions with 172 drugs sold under 719 brand names.Some drugs may cause adverse effects when taken together. They include:
- Advil and other forms of ibuprofen
- Aleve and other forms of naproxen
- allergy and sinus medications
- immunizations for botulism, cytomegalovirus and other diseases