Enuresis (bedwetting) Treatment, Drugs, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Enuresis (bedwetting) is a condition common in children above 7 years of age. It is simply an involuntary urination while one is asleep. Below 7 years, it is treated as a normal condition but if it happens to patients above this age, then it is a probably a disease. Enuresis in adults is a serious condition that is associated with incapability of the bladder to hold urine while one is asleep. It is a treatable condition either by medication or exercise.


Enuresis (bedwetting) Drugs

  • Ditropan
  • Desmopressin


Enuresis (bedwetting) Symptoms

There are many different symptoms that can identify Enuresis (bedwetting). The symptoms may vary from one patient to the other depending on what is causing the condition. Some patients may be experiencing it at the normal age of 7 and below but others may have it above this age. This is where the condition should be treated seriously. The main symptom is urinating involuntarily while one is asleep. These are some of the main symptoms of Enuresis (bedwetting):

  • Urinating involuntarily while asleep after age of 7 years
  • Frequent urinating urge immediately after taking fluids
  • Uncontrollable urination even during the day
  • Painful urination which could be as a result of an infection


Enuresis (bedwetting) Causes

There is no single cause that has so far been identified as the main cause of Enuresis (bedwetting).  The condition may be caused by many causes depending mostly on the patient age. In adults, the bedwetting may be as a result of and infection while in children is just the bladder size. Here are some of the main causes of Cushion’s syndrome:

  • Stress
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Sleep apnea.S ometimes bed-wetting is a sign of obstructive sleep apnea, a condition in that the child’s breathing is interrupted during sleep
  • A small bladder in children
  • Inability of nerves to recognize a full bladder
  • A hormone imbalance. During childhood, some kids do not produce enough anti-diuretic hormone to slow nighttime urine production.
  • For a child who’s usually dry at night, bed-wetting may be the first sign of diabetes


Enuresis (bedwetting) Diagnosis

Enuresis (bedwetting) does not have any definitive single test that can diagnose it. There are many causes of this condition and thus the physician will have to do thorough examinations and tests. The patient’s medical history will also be crucial while diagnosing Enuresis (bedwetting). Such medical report shows the physician if the patient had been treated before for the same problem and this makes it easier for treatment. Laboratory tests are also useful in diagnosing the condition. These are the main ways through which Enuresis (bedwetting) can be diagnosed:

  • Urine test to check the presence of any infection.
  • X-ray for image tests of the bladder and the kidney.


Enuresis (bedwetting) Treatment

Treating Enuresis (bedwetting) is not problematic as long as the cause has been identified. The doctor will first have to figure out why your bladder is not holding urine long enough. Sometimes, the patient’s medical history will be crucial in determining the best form of treatment. In children, the condition can easily be treated by traditional home remedies. In adults, use of medication will be necessary.

These are the common ways through Enuresis (bedwetting) can be treated in children:

  • Use of moisture alarm- this is a special alarm that detects moisture and thus it will wake the patient when begins urinating.
  • Medication- this should be the last result after trying the home remedies. Use of anti-diuretic hormone drugs like the desmopressin allows the body to make less urine at night. Other drugs like the Ditropan XL reduce contractions of the bladder to increase bladder capacity.