Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that should be growing on the inside of the uterus is growing on the outside. This may cause intense pelvic pain and even infertility in women that develop this condition. Some women can have this condition with no symptoms and realize that they have endometriosis when they are infertile.
- Medroxyprogesterone by injection
- Levonorgestrel by injection
- Estradiol through the skin
- Elestrin The second category, pain medications, is used to manage the painful symptoms of endometriosis. These pain medications are listed below. Naproxen
The symptoms of endometriosis vary from woman to woman. Some women may experience extremely painful periods of pelvic pain, especially during menstruation. Other women may experience no pain at all. The most common symptoms of endometriosis are listed below. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, then you need to see your doctor.
- Pelvic pain during menstruation
- Pelvic pain before and after menstruation
- Abdominal pain
- Burning sensation
- Painful bowel movements
- Overall discomfort
- Unexplainable pain in other parts of the body
- Painful sex
- Painful urination
- Increased need to urinate
- Decreased need to urinate
- Lower back pain
- Inability to conceive
- Painful cramps throughout the body originating in the abdomen
Doctors and researchers are not completely sure as to why endometriosis happens. The primary hypothesis is that endometriosis is a genetic condition, although this condition is difficult to trace through the generations, because many assume that they just have painful menstrual cramps. This is often the assumption, because seventy percent of the pelvic pain will occur during menstruation for a woman with endometriosis.
- In order to prevent endometriosis it is suspected that taking hormonal birth control may decrease the patient’s chances of developing endometriosis. If the woman also exercises, eats well, and avoids alcohol, then her chances of having endometriosis may shrink.
In order for a doctor or other health care professional to diagnose endometriosis he or she must perform a laparoscopy. This is a medical procedure that involves putting a camera into the abdominal cavity. By doing a laparoscopy the doctor can look at the outside of the uterus to see if there are any cysts or extra endometrial tissues growing. This can reveal itself in the form of scarring or inflammation.
- For the doctor to do a laparoscopy there must be probable cause for endometriosis. Usually this cause is dictated by the patient who may come to a clinic complaining of pelvic pain. If you are experiencing pelvic pain, then you are urged to consult your doctor.
There are various treatments for endometriosis that may be effective for the patient. Some of those treatments, such as surgery and hormone therapy, will treat the underlying condition. Other treatments like pain medication and heating pads will only treat the painful symptoms. The types of surgeries that the patient can undergo to treat endometriosis are listed below:
- Gynecological surgery
- Endometrial ablation
- Laparoscopic surgery
The types of hormones that could be used for hormone therapy treatment are listed below:
Treatments for pain are listed below:
- Heating pad
- Other NSAIDS