Endocrinology

Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that involves the intricate study of the different hormones, their functions and disorders that affect them in the body. Endocrinology covers human functions such as coordination of respiration, metabolism, growth and development, reproduction, movement, food utilization and absorption and sensory perception. It also centers on the endocrine tissues and glands that synthesize and secrete hormones. The history of endocrinology dates back to 400 BC during the times of Hippocrates and his Humoral Hypothesis.

Hormones are chemical elements that standardize the activities carried out in the body. Hormones also control the manner in which a living organism responds to its surrounding environment and assists by offering adequate energy for different functions. The endocrine system is made up of glands such as the pineal, thymus, hypothalamus, parathyroid, pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, adrenals, testes and ovaries

A physician who practices endocrinology is referred to as an endocrinologist. Such doctors may diagnose and treat diseases that affect endocrine glands. If a patient consults a family doctor and he/she suspects any problem with the endocrine system, the individual will be sent to an endocrinologist. The objective of treatment is mainly to reestablish the normal hormonal balance in the body of the patient.

Some of the medical conditions treated are: diabetes, menopause, osteoporosis, infertility, hypertension, cholesterol disorders, thyroid diseases, lack of growth, metabolic disorders, cancers affecting the endocrine glands, and under or overproduction of hormones. Some of this disorders squarely lie within the field of endocrinology because of abnormalities in the hormonal production. For example, Type 1 diabetes caused by decreased secretion of insulin hormone by the pancreas. Hyperthyroidism caused by excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid glands. However, some diseases are not entirely endocrine in nature but have some endocrinology aspects in them, for example, infertility and osteoporosis. In such cases, an endocrinologist must work with a gynecologist or a physician to offer multidisciplinary medical approach.

An endocrinologist may prescribe different vitamins, over the counter drugs and prescription medications depending on the nature of the endocrine problem. Some of these prescriptions can be somewhat expensive for most patients. However, individuals can save lots of money at Pharmacy Coupons. This website offers great discounts for all medications suggested by endocrinologists. If you use Pharmacy Coupons, you will surely save lots of cash and get back to your normal health quickly.