Dissociative Identity Disorder Treatment, Drugs, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Dissociative Identity Disorder is a mental illness that causes the patient to experience two clear identities or personality states. Patients suffering from Dissociative Identity Disorder have been found to have personality states that have distinctly different ways of reacting in terms of pulse, emotions, blood flow to the brain and blood pressure.


Dissociative Identity Disorder Drugs

  • Citalopram
  • Venlafaxine
  • Phenelzine
  • Fluoxetine
  • Sertraline
  • Carisoprodol
  • Atropine
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Cyclobenzaprine
  • Librium


Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms

Before getting the actual disease that you may be suffering from, you must first experience some signs and symptoms. Different diseases have different signs and symptoms. Patients are advised to visit a medical practitioner immediately they start experiencing the signs and symptoms of a certain disease. Dissociative Identity Disorder has got different signs and symptoms. Below is a list of signs and symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder:

  • Experiencing blackouts
  • Lapses in the memory
  • Hearing strange voices in their heads
  • Feeling unreal
  • Feeling like more than one person
  • Not seeing themselves in the mirror
  • Being frequently accused of lying about something when they do not believe they are lying


Dissociative Identity Disorder Causes

Medical practitioners have not yet discovered the main cause of Dissociative Identity Disorder. However, the psychological theory shows that the condition develops as a result of childhood trauma. When a child dissociates bad memories till he or she is fully grown, the condition becomes severe, and hence the person becomes severely traumatized. When the condition becomes worse or extreme, it may result to Dissociative Identity Disorder. Having a family member with Dissociative Identity Disorder is risky since it may turn to be hereditary in future. The condition should be treated once a person has some signs and symptoms after a mental interview. Below you will find some of the proposed causes of Dissociative Identity Disorder.

  • Childhood trauma
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Physical or sexual abuse


Dissociative Identity Disorder Diagnosis

When treating Dissociative Identity Disorder, there is no specific diagnosis test like a blood test to assess that a person is suffering from the disease. The medical practitioners often conduct mental health interviews to gather information. By taking a mental interview, the doctors can look for the presence of the signs and symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder. The presence of DID is still debated by doctors and diagnosing the condition can be difficult. Below you will find the proper diagnostic criteria of Dissociative Identity Disorder;

  • The presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states.
  • The identities repeatedly take control of the person’s behavior.
  • Inability to recall important personal information that is too severe to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness.
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder is not caused by direct physiological effects of a substance like blackouts.
  • In children, Dissociative Identity Disorder is not caused by imaginary playmates or other fantasy play.


Dissociative Identity Disorder Treatment

The main treatment used for Dissociative Identity Disorder is psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy. When treating patients suffering from Dissociative Identity Disorder, the therapist tries to help their relationships with others to experience feelings they have not felt comfortable being in touch with in the past. The process is carefully done to prevent the patient with Dissociative Identity Disorder from being overwhelmed by the anxiety of their past traumatic experiences. Patients are also advised to find ways of having their dissociated personalities coexist and working together as well as to develop a crisis prevention techniques. This technique will help them find ways to cope with memory lapses that occur during the time of dissociation.