In order to understand what type 2 diabetes is, it’s important to first examine what diabetes is in itself. The term diabetes refers to a disorder of body metabolism. It’s a condition where the body is unable to produce enough or any insulin resulting in elevated levels of glucose in the blood. People with diabetes have a very high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. When we eat, the food is further broken down into Glucose and insulin. The Glucose is responsible for fuelling the cells of the body while the insulin is what allows the glucose to be turned into energy for use by the body. There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 where the body does not make enough insulin to help convert glucose into energy and the type 2 occurs when the body does not use insulin effectively. A third type of diabetes known as gestational diabetes develops only during pregnancy.
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Diabetes Type 2 Symptoms
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It is said that about 90 to 95 percent of people diagnosed with diabetes have type 2. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are various and usually occur gradually over some time and could go undetected for a long time.
- Increased urination
- Blurred vision
- Weight loss
- Sores that do not heal
- Increased thirst
- Increased appetite
Diabetes Type 2 Causes
Type 2 diabetes previously called non-insulin dependent diabetes.
- This is caused mostly by insulin resistance, a condition that occurs when the body cells does not use enough insulin effectively to compensate for the impaired insulin use.
- This type of diabetes can be found mostly in middle aged and overweight people.
Diabetes Type 2 Diagnosis
Blood tests are used in the diagnosis of diabetes. However it must be known that the early stages of type 2 diabetes show no symptom so this can go unnoticed for a long time. The procedure involves drawing blood at a health facility and following up with a lap test analysis.
Glucose measuring devices such as a finger stick are the most accurate devices used for diagnosing diabetes but may very well substitute as a quick instrument used to check instant blood glucose.
Diagnosis of diabetes is very important as it enables health practitioners to treat the illness before it gets further complicated into a more aggressive for. For diagnosis anyone of the following tests can be used
- An A1C test, also called the hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, or glycohemoglobin test
- A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test
- An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
Diabetes Type 2 Treatment
It’s important to maintain blood glucose at near-normal levels of 90-130 mg/dL and hemoglobin A1C [HbA1c] levels < 7%). Nevertheless, primary focus on the blood glucose alone is not an adequate treatment for patients. Rather the Treatment should involve multiple goals ( lipids, blood pressure) for better treatment results
- Appropriate goal setting
- Dietary and exercise modifications
- Appropriate self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG)
- Regular monitoring for complications
- Laboratory assessment