Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition that causes a person’s pancreas, which produces the hormone insulin, to slow down production or cease altogether. Our bodies need insulin to convert sugar from food into energy, when the body’s own immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells (called beta cells) of the pancreas. Though the cause of type 1 diabetes remains unknown, there are numerous factors can contribute to the onset of type 1 diabetes, such as genetics factors or certain viruses or infection. Type 1 diabetes normally appears during childhood or adolescence, but it can also begin in adults. A large amount of research has been done on type 1 diabetes, showing that there is no cure. However, type 1 diabetes can be managed. With proper treatment, people suffering from type 1 diabetes can significantly improve their standards of living, particularly when compared to the past, in which case it was not so.
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Diabetes Type 1 Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes can come on quickly. Type 1 diabetes can affect people of all ages.
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
- Dry mouth
- New and unexplained onset of bedwetting in children who usually do not wet the bed
- Irritability and other mood changes
- Extreme hunger
- Unexpected weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Fatigue and weakness
- In females, a vaginal yeast infection
Diabetes Type 1 Causes
People of all ages can have Type 1 diabetes. In most cases, it is often diagnosed in children, adolescents or young adults.
- The specific cause of type 1 diabetes remains unknown, though there is speculation that it is an autoimmune disorder.
- Autoimmune disorders are conditions that happen when a person’s immune system turns on their body, destroying healthy tissues. With type 1 diabetes, this usually transpires by way of infection that triggers the body to attack the pancreas, which makes the insulin we need to convert food into energy.
- Also, there may be a genetic component in play, and being vulnerable to type 1 diabetes or autoimmune disorders has shown to be passed down.
Diabetes Type 1 Diagnosis
Diabetes is diagnosed in a number of ways, usually by way of a variety of blood tests.
- Fasting blood glucose level test: If levels are higher than 126 mg/dL on multiple occasions, this may be a strong indicator of type 1 diabetes.
- Random blood glucose level: If levels are higher than 200mg/dL, you may have type 1 diabetes. This usually transpires in symptoms such as increased thirst, fatigue and urination. However, the results of a blood glucose test must be confirmed with a fasting test to adequately diagnose type 1 diabetes.
- Hemoglobin A1C test: If results show 6.5 percent or higher, you may have type 1 diabetes.
- Oral glucose tolerance test: Diabetes is diagnosed in with an oral glucose tolerance test if glucose levels are higher than 200mg/dL two hours after you drink a sugary drink.
- Ketone testing: Ketone tests use urine or blood samples to determine if your blood sugar is higher than 240 mg/dL.
Diabetes Type 1 Treatment
Type 1 diabetes can come on quickly, and because starting symptoms can be severe, people that are diagnosed may need to stay in the hospital. If you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you may need to have regular weekly check-ups to stabilize your blood sugar level. The overall goal of treatment maintain a stabilized or normal blood sugar level as often as possible.
- Carbohydrate counting
- Taking insulin
- Frequent blood sugar monitoring
- Eating healthy foods
- Regularly exercising and maintaining a healthy weight