Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic drug used to treat urinary tract infections. It comes in liquid and capsule form and is to be taken orally.
Nitrofurantoin is a drug used in the treatment of urinary tract infections. The drug is used to both prevent and treat cystitis. Nitrofurantoin, as an antibiotic, may also be used for purposes not listed here, as determined by the prescriber.
Nitrofurantoin works by damaging bacterial DNA. The process by which it achieves this is not yet fully understood, but it is known to be activated by bacterial flavoproteins which, in turn, create radical chemicals that damage the integrity of the cell.
Nitrofurantoin is associated with its range of potential side effects. Among these include a headache, dizziness, upset stomach, mild diarrhea, and vaginal itching.