Cefuroxime is a cephalosporin antibiotic medication. Cefuroxime belongs to the drug class of second-generation cephalosporins. Cefuroxime has various brand names such as Zinacef, Ceftin, Turbocef, Furocef and Orion. It treats bacterial infections or prevents bacterial infections during, before or after particular surgeries. Cefuroxime axetil is a drug used in the treatment of bacterial infections. More specifically, cefuroxime axetil treats a wide variety of both Gram positive and Gram negative infections, as well as many severe bacterial infections. It is classified as a second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic, and may be administered to the patient via the intramuscular or intravenous routes. As a cephalosporin, cefuroxime axetil works to disrupt the bacterial cell wall. It does this by disrupting bacterial cell wall synthesis, compromising essential structural features that hold the cell together. Common side effects with cefuroxime axetil include tight muscles, nausea, cough, headache, drowsiness, skin rash, restlessness, and joint pain.