Acyclovir is a drug primarily used in the treatment of conditions caused by the herpes simplex virus. However, it is also sometimes used in the treatment of the Epstein-Barr virus. The drug works by interfering in the process of viral DNA synthesis, reducing the overall viral load present in the body. Thus, the drug does not cure the viral infection but does reduce the rate of viral reproductive success. This helps the body battle the infection and reduce overall treatment duration. In moderate doses, acyclovir is well tolerated though at higher doses it may cause side effects,
Acyclovir is a prescription drug classified under the group of medications known as antivirals. Acyclovir is used to treat infections brought about by certain types of viruses.
Additionally, Acyclovir is used to treat cold sores that form around the mouth as a result of herpes simplex, shingles, and chickenpox. Acyclovir can also treat outbreaks of genital herpes. In individuals who experience frequent outbreaks, Acyclovir is used to reduce the number future episodes.
Acyclovir works by reducing the intensity and duration of these outbreaks. Through its action, Acyclovir helps heal the sores faster and reduces the likelihood of new sores forming. It reduces pain and itching as well.