Generic Name(s): neomycin, polymyxin B otic, hydrocortisone
Drug Class: Antibiotics
Treats: bacterial ear canal infections
Cortisporin is a combination drug that treats bacterial infections of the ear canal as well as providing relief from irritation, redness, and discomfort caused by certain ear problems. It is a prescription drug with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. The Cortisporin solution consists of a combination of antibiotics and corticosteroid. It is made up of a combination of 2 antibiotics, which are neomycin sulfate and polymyxin B sulfate, and a cortisone-like medicine, hydrocortisone acetate. With the antibiotics, they work to slow the growth of bacteria or kill them while the corticosteroid helps reduce the inflammation that arises from the bacterial infection.
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Cortisporin is used in treating skin infections by utilizing the action of both antibiotic ingredients and anti-inflammatory corticosteroids. The active ingredients in Cortisporin are neomycin, polymyxin, and hydrocortisone. Polymyxin works to alter bacterial cell wall making the cellular content to leak thus causing the bacteria to die. Neomycin stops protein synthesis in the bacteria thus leading to bacterial cell death. Hydrocortisone works by suppressing inflammation in areas affected by the infection.
- Bacterial Infections
The dosage of Cortisporin may differ depending on age of the person and the nature of the ear infection. Consult with your doctor or medical professional before starting this medication. Note, the dosage below are averages and may differ depending on the individual.
- Adults: 4 drops are applied into the affected ear in every 6 to 8 hours for a duration that may last for about ten days.
- In infants and children: 3 drops of Cortisporin are applied into the affected ear after every 6 to 8 hours, and the treatment may continue for up to 10 days.
Cortisporin Side Effects
Because Cortisporin is made up of a combination of drugs, the individual active ingredients may induce side effects in patients. In patients who use Cortisporin, they may experience severe side effects. Look out for any abnormal signs especially around or in the ear you put the drops. If you experience signs of irritation in and around the ear, which were not present prior to application of this medication, you may want to tell your doctor or pharmacist.
- Redness of the skin
- Itching skin
- Skin rash
Before using Cortisporin, tell your doctor of any prescription or nonprescription products that you may be using. This list does not show all products that could interact with Cortisporin. Consult with your doctor or medical professional for a full list of possible interactions.