Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic drug used in the treatment of various bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin is available both as immediate-release tablets, and as extended-release tablet. Ciprofloxacin works by inhibiting topoisomerase enzyme which is necessary for separation of bacterial DNA hence inhibiting cell division. This intern kills the bacterial functions in the cells.
Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride is a prescription drug which treats certain types of bacterial infections such as urinary tract infections, pneumonia, diarrhea, and prevents anthrax in cases where people have been exposed to the virus. It is available as an oral suspension or in tablet form and kills bacteria by destroying their cellular walls. In other cases, it just stops bacterial growth completely. Elderly citizens over sixty years of age and people who have undergone kidney, lung or heart transplant have higher chances to develop tendon problems when using this antibiotic.
Breastfeeding women should not use Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride as it may cause harm to the child. Side effects include headaches, changes in normal sleep patterns, mood swing and a feeling of tiredness. In some cases, though rare, it can cause patients to get more depressed. Treatment should be stopped immediately if this occurs. The drug should only be used where bacterial infection is strongly suspected otherwise it might result in the creation of a drug-resistant bacteria strain.