Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that is usually caused by bacteria. Individuals with Chlamydia during their early stages often do not have outward symptoms. However, you should be tested for Chlamydia regularly because it can cause serious health problems in the later stages. Some of the health problems include preventing women from getting pregnant or endangering their pregnancies.
Most people with Chlamydia do not notice that they have symptoms of Chlamydia. If you do not see or notice any symptoms, it might take up to three weeks after you have been infected. Some of the symptoms of Chlamydia include:
- burning sensation during urination
- pain in the testicles
- pain in the lower abdomen
- painful sexual intercourse in women (dyspareunia)
- discharge from the vagina or penis that may be yellow or green
It is also possible to get Chlamydia in the anus and such a case the main symptoms that are seen from the anus are:
Some sufferers can also get infections in their fallopian tubes causing a condition known as pelvic inflammatory disease.
Most people who have Chlamydia do not show any symptoms and for those who do, it may take several weeks after having sex with an infected partner to show. Chlamydia can still cause damage to your reproductive system even if it does not cause any symptoms. Chlamydia can be caused by:
- bacterium chlamydia trachomatis
Chlamydia infection is spread by:
- oral sex
- anal sex
- vaginal birth (given to the infant)
Both men and women can contract Chlamydia in their rectum by spread from another infected site such as the vagina or having receptive anal sex.
You must go to a doctor to receive a Chlamydia diagnosis. There are several things that your doctor will ask you when you go to see them with Chlamydia. Some of the basic things that you expect your healthcare provider to ask you are about your symptoms. If there are no symptoms that are showing, you will be asked why you think you may have the infection. Receiving a Chlamydia diagnosis is the product of some tests. Below you will find the tests used to diagnose Chlamydia.
- Simple urine test
- Cotton swab
Chlamydia treatment is fairly straightforward. Because it is bacterial in nature, you treat it using antibiotics. There are several antibiotics used to treat Chlamydia. Some of these antibiotics include:
- Azithromycin – this is an antibiotic that is usually prescribed in a single and a large dose. However, this dose can be spread out over five days.
- Doxycycline – this is an antibiotic that is taken twice per day for one week.
Your physician may give you other antibiotics but regardless of the antibiotics that you are taking, ensure that you follow the dosage instructions carefully.