Interventional cardiology refers to a number of non-surgical procedures used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Interventional cardiology involves the use of catheters, which are thin, flexible tubes used to get inside blood vessels. Catheters help to perform diagnostic tests or repair damaged heart structures or vessels, therefore eliminating the need for surgery. This medical specialty mostly involves the treatment of weakened heart valves and narrowed arteries resulting from peripheral vascular disease, coronary artery disease, and heart valve disease.
Cardiac catheterization is a widely used procedure in interventional cardiology. This test is used in evaluating a patient’s coronary arteries and heart valve function. The procedure helps in identifying the location and size of plaques that may have built up in a patient’s arteries, the strength of the heart muscle, atherosclerosis, and the adequacy of valve function. To commence interventional cardiology, the interventional cardiologist threads a catheter through the patient’s blood vessel in the groin or arm and into the patient’s heart. With the catheter in place, it becomes possible for the interventional cardiologist to take blood samples, measure blood pressure and inject dyes into the patient’s coronary arteries or any other arteries in the patient’s body to help in tracing the movement of blood through those arteries and the heart chambers.
Watching the dye move through the patient’s blood vessels or heart chambers can help an interventional cardiologist detect whether the arteries are blocked or narrowed and whether the valves are in good working condition. This may help in determining whether the patient needs bypass or valve surgery, catheter-based valve repair or angioplasty. Other procedures that can be performed in interventional cardiology include atherectomy, angioplasty/stenting, carotid stenting, embolic protection, percutaneous mitral valve repair, valvuloplasty, congenital heart defect correction, and coronary thrombectomy.
Interventional cardiology may involve the use of several drugs, and Pharmacy Coupons may help a patient save more since the site offers discounts on some of the most commonly used cardiovascular-related drugs. These drugs include warfarin, heparin, regadenoson, and adenosine. Pharmacy Coupons is the surest way for a patient to receive heart drugs at the best price.