Blood infection is an extreme response to an infection where your body sends a flood of chemicals into your bloodstream which will fight the threat. This has the effect of causing widespread inflammation that in time can damage your organs and slow blood flow. Blood infections in their later stages, septic shock or severe sepsis can be life-threatening.
Blood infections Drugs
Blood infections Symptoms
There are several symptoms that are manifested in blood infections. In blood infections, the blood pressure drops resulting in shock. Body systems and major organs, including lungs, liver, kidneys, and central nervous system stop working properly because of poor blood flow. There are early symptoms of blood infections such as a change in mental status and very fast breathing. The general symptoms of blood infections include:
- Fever or low body temperature (hypothermia)
- Light-headedness due to low blood pressure
- Rapid heartbeat
- Confusion or delirium
- Warm skin
- Skin rash
- Bleeding or bruising may occur as symptoms of blood infections.
Blood infections Causes
Blood infections are not caused by germs themselves but rather caused by the chemicals released in the body causing the response. Blood infections can be caused by a bacterial infection anywhere in the body. Some of the common places that blood infections can start include:
- Bowel (usually seen with peritonitis)
- Kidneys (upper urinary tract infection or pyelonephritis)
- Lining of the brain (meningitis)
- Lungs (bacterial pneumonia)
- Skin (cellulitis)
- Bones (common in children)
- Liver or gallbladder
Most patients found in the hospital, you will find the common sites of infection will include:
- intravenous lines
- surgical wounds
- surgical drains
- sites of skin breakdown known as pressure ulcers or bedsores
Blood infections Diagnosis
If you are suspected of having blood infections, your doctor will perform tests and exams to look for the source of the infection. This diagnosis test may show a low platelet count, bacteria in the blood or other body fluids, and a low or high white blood cell count. The doctor will also test for low blood pressure, altered liver or kidney function, and too much acid in the blood. Other tests that are done on body fluids are CT scan or X-ray and radiologic tests that will help in diagnosing the cause of the infection. There may be other methods of diagnosis for blood infections.
Blood infections Treatment
If you want to treat blood infections quickly, the first successful step that you should take is a quick diagnosis. If the blood infection has not yet affected any vital organs, it will become easier to treat the infection at home with antibiotics. Individuals who have blood infection treatment started at this stage are more likely to make a full recovery. Those individuals who have severe blood infection and with septic shock require admission to the intensive care unit (ICU), where your body organs get to be supported while the infection is treated. Blood infections causes problems with vital organs, so they are more likely to be ill, and the condition can prove to be fatal.