Bladder cancer is a disease that begins in the bladder. This type of cancer affects the cells lining the bladder or the urothelium, causing them to divide unnaturally. If these malignant cells go untreated, they can quickly spread to other parts of the body.
Bladder cancer Symptoms
Knowing what symptoms to look for is important, especially if bladder cancer runs in your family. Some of the most common symptoms include:
- Blood in your urine
- Changes in urine color
- Feeling as though you really have to urinate, even when your bladder wasn’t full
- Pain during urination
A common misconception surrounding bladder cancer is that if there isn’t consistently blood in your urine, then there is nothing to worry about. There are many people who have been diagnosed with bladder cancer who said they did not consistently have blood in their urine. Any amount of blood is worth speaking to a doctor about, just to be on the safe side.
Bladder cancer Causes
There are many different causes of bladder cancer. As with any medical condition, eating properly, exercising regularly and keeping a close eye on your overall health is a great way to minimize your chances of becoming ill. Common causes of bladder cancer:
- Chronic conditions (kidney stones, urinary infections)
- Drinking water that contains Arsenic
- Inhalation of toxic chemicals (Benzidine, paint, diesel fumes)
- Not drinking enough fluid
Bladder cancer Diagnosis
The diagnosis of bladder cancer generally occurs after a patient has experienced symptoms, such as blood in their urine or discomfort in the abdominal area and contacted their health care provider. Sometimes the cancer is found on accident when another procedure or test has been provided as part of a regular doctor’s visit. If bladder cancer is suspected, you may be referred to an urologist for more thorough testing.
Bladder cancer Treatment
Children considered to be low risk or in the intermediate risk group have a good chance of getting cured of this cancer. Some cases of neuroblastoma may disappear on their own and doctors, at times, may use watchful waiting before they can use other forms of treatment. The common form of treatment of neuroblastoma is surgery, aimed at removing the tumor. Other treatment options used by doctors are such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy. In cases where the tumor has not metastasized or spread to other parts of body, a patient may only need surgery to be performed. Other therapies such as stem cell or transplantation may be used. Doctors may also suggest another treatment known as retinoid therapy. Retinoids, which is a class of substances that have chemical structures related to vitamin A, can help in treatment of neuroblastoma. These retinoids are believed to encourage cancerous cells to transform or turn into mature nerve cells.