Generic Name(s): Chlorpheniramine/Dihydrocodeine/Phenylephrine
Drug Class: Antihistamine/Antitussive/Decongestant
Treats: Coughs, cold allergies
Baltussin is a combination of three drugs namely; chlorpheniramine, dihydrocodeine, and phenylephrine. Chlorpheniramine an antihistamine that works by blocking the action of histamine reduces symptoms such as watery eyes, rhinitis, and sneezing. Dihydrocodeine is a cough suppressant that decreases cough reflex from the brain thus reducing dry cough. Phenylephrine decongests nasal blood vessels by shrinking them.
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Baltussin is a combination of an antihistamine, cough suppressant, and a decongestant is indicated for relief of symptoms of sinus congestion, rhinorrhea, sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and coughs triggered by colds, upper respiratory infections, and allergies.
The release of histamine in the body causes sneezing, hypersecretion from glandular tissues, and nasal congestion due to vascular engorgement associated with vasodilation. These pathophysiological effects are countered by chlorpheniramine an antihistamine which blocks the action of histamine.
Phenylephrine a decongestant works by constricting blood vessels and by reducing swelling in the nasal passages. Dihydrocodeine an ingredient of Baltussin is an opioid that suppresses cough in the brain which ultimately reduces irritating dry coughs. In summary, Baltussin is used for the following conditions;
- Running nose
- Coughs triggered by cold
- Upper respiratory infections
- Watery eyes
Your doctor will determine the Baltussin dosage depending on a number of factors such as weight, medical history, other medical conditions or other medications that you may be using. Stick to the Baltussin dose as directed by the doctor and never alter the dosage plan unless authorized by the doctor.
Baltussin dose for adults with cough or nasal congestion:
- Chlorpheniramine/dihydrocodeine/phenylephrine- (2-2.5-15 mg/5ml oral liquid), 10 ml orally every 4-6 hours.
- Chlorpheniramine/dihydrocodeine/phenylephrine - (6-6-45 mg/5ml oral suspension, extended release), 5 ml orally BD. Max. 10 ml daily.
Pediatric dose for cough and nasal congestion:
- 6- 11 years: 2 – 2.5 -15 mg/5ml oral liquid, 5 ml orally every 4-6 hours.
- 12 years or older: 10 ml orally every 4-6 hours.
Baltussin is contraindicated in children below 2 years.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it"s almost time for the next dosing plan. Do not take a double dose to compensate for the missed one.
Baltussin Side Effects
Using Baltussin may have side effects that may differ from one person to the other. The acuteness of the side effects may be different from one patient to the other depending on the patient"s body ability to handle the effects of the drug. Seek medical attention if any of the following symptoms become severe or bothersome:
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Nausea and vomiting
- Stomach upset.
Call your doctor immediately if the following serious but rare side effects manifest while using Baltussin:
- Tight chest
- Slowed or irregular breathing.
- Severe drowsiness.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
Before taking Baltussin with other drugs, inform your doctor about any medical conditions or allergies that you may have. This is because using Baltussin with other drugs may affect how the drug works and delay the expected results. Below is a list of possible drug interactions with Baltussin that should be checked or avoided altogether:
- Atenolol, Propranolol
- Protriptyline, amitriptyline
- Isocarboxazid, Phenelzine
This is not an all-inclusive list of possible drug interactions. You should keep a list of all products you may be using (including prescription/OTC drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not starts, stop, or alter the dosage of any medicines without approval from your doctor.