Brand Name(s): Zyloprim, Lopurin, Aloprim
Drug Class: Antigout agents Antihyperuricemic agents
Treats: Leishmaniasis, kidney stones or gout, Congestive heart failure, Cardiothoracic surgery, Mania
Allopurinol sodium is grouped in a class of drugs known as antigout or anti hyperuricemic agents. The function of anti-hyperuricemic agents is to lessen the production of uric acid in the human body that leads to kidney stones or gout. It is also used to mitigate the levels of uric acid to patients receiving cancer medication.
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Allopurinol Sodium Uses
Allopurinol sodium is used in medication of conditions that are highly related to uric acid. It is used in the treatment of gout or kidney stones. The drug performs its function successfully by diminishing the levels of uric acid produced and released in the body.
The drug is also used in the medication of cancer patients. Uric acid interferes with the medication of cancer and hence the need to lessen it for successful healing. The drug is also used in the treatment of other conditions but under the prescription of a qualified physician or a doctor.
- Kidney stones or gout
- Congestive heart failure
- Cardiothoracic surgery
- Calcium oxalate calculi with hyperuricosuria
- Hyperuricemia secondary to chemotherapy
- Reactive perforating collagenosis
- High risk percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
Allopurinol Sodium Dosage
Most of the drugs that are administered or taken in the body tend to be misused by patients. They think if they take more so that they will recover quickly, but it’s not true. Administer the recommended dosage as stated on the prescription label or as advised by your doctor. Overdose can worsen the condition complicating the condition more. Allopurinol sodium is in the form of tablets and hence it is taken orally. Below is the general dosage of Allopurinol sodium:
Usual adult dosage for gout
- Initial dosage: take 100 mg once per daily
- Maintenance: 200- 300 mg per day
Usual pediatric dosage for leishmaniasis
- > 5 years: take 20 mg/kg/day combined with low-dose meglumine antimoniate (30mg/kg/day) for 20 days
Allopurinol Sodium Side Effects
Like any other drug Allopurinol sodium has its side effects. Some are mild and are common and hence should not worry anybody. Sometimes the effects may worsen to an extent that they may require the immediate attention of the doctor. Before taking or applying any drug, your body should have enough knowledge on its side effects. Always inform the doctor if you have drug allergies so that he can advise wisely. Below are the side effects of Allopurinol sodium:
- Joint pain
- Joint stiffness and swelling
- Stomach pain
- Bloody nose
- Pale skin
- Bleeding gums
- Bloody urine
- Ammonia-like breath odor
Allopurinol Sodium Interactions
Allopurinol sodium has interactions like any other drug. It’s good to know the interaction of every drug that you take with other drugs to avoid serious complications. One should get advised by the doctor before consuming any drug. Even food causes interactions in some drugs and hence one should not ignore. Alcohol and tobacco that moves to the blood may also interact with Allopurinol sodium and hence should be avoided. Below are drugs that are known to interact with Allopurinol sodium:
- Advair Diskus
- Vitamin B12