Generic Name(s): epinephrine injection
Drug Class: Adrenergic bronchodilators Catecholamines Vasopressors
Treats: Low blood pressure , severe allergic conditions , Asthma-acute, Chronic Obstructive pulmonary Disease, pupillary dilation
Adrenalin (epinephrine injection) is a medication used to treat various medical conditions. The drugs are prescribed to patients that are suffering from the severe skin itching, low blood pressure, hives, wheezing and other symptoms related to allergic reactions. The drug is supplied in the form of a solution.
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Adrenalin is a medication that is used as a treatment of various conditions as prescribed by the physician. The drug can be prescribed to patients that are having breathing problems. Adrenalin opens the airways into the lungs to allow for the proper breathing (for asthma patients). For patients with low blood pressure, the drug narrows the blood vessels to raise the blood pressure. Adrenalin also works incredibly well in treating severe allergic conditions including foods, drugs, bites or stings, and others. The drugs can use be used in treating other medical conditions as prescribed by the doctor. Here are some of the main medical conditions that Adrenalin can be used to treat:
- Low blood pressure
- Severe allergic conditions
- Chronic Obstructive pulmonary Disease
- Pupillary dilation
The dosage for Adrenalin must be administered in accordance with the provided manufacturer’s guidelines. In many cases, the severity of the condition especially the allergic symptom may determine the amount of the drug that a patient can receive.
Usual adult dosage for:
- Acute Asthma; 0.1-0.5 mL every 20 minutes to a once every 4 hours subcutaneously.
- Acute Chronic Obstructive pulmonary Disease; 0.3 mL every 20 minutes for an hour. The dose can be repeated after every 2 hours subcutaneously.
- Allergic reaction; 0.1-0.5 mL every 20 minutes to a once every 4 hours subcutaneously.
Usual pediatric dosage for acute Asthma, Allergic reaction:
- 2 years infants; 0.05 to 0.1 mL subcutaneously or IM.
- 2-5 years; 0.15 mL subcutaneously or IM
- 6-11 years; 0.2 mL subcutaneously or IM
- 12 years; 0.3 mL subcutaneously or IM
Inject the second dose after 10 minutes if no improvement is noticed.
Adrenalin Side Effects
Adrenalin is associated with many side effects from the mere fact that it can treat various medical conditions. Some of the side effects are the common ones that do not require any medical attention. But there are the severe side effects that are likely to cause health complications if not controlled on time. Here are just some of the main side effects.
Common side effects:
- Pounding in the ears
Severe side effects:
- Throbbing headache
- Pale skin
- Pounding heartbeats
Adrenalin has been confirmed for possible interactions with many drugs. It is not medically advisable to take this drug with other drugs unless your physician has guaranteed their safety. Any combination that can result in interaction can cause severe health complication or even death. Here are some of the drugs that should be avoided while taking Adrenalin: