Acne is a skin condition where pores become blocked by oil and other debris, like dead skin. This results in pimples, whiteheads, blackheads, scarring, and more. Typically, acne is seen on the face, chest, shoulders, neck or back. When pores contain an excessive amount of oil, the pore will become blocked, trapping any dirt, hair, or other bacteria inside. This results in pimples, red bumps, whiteheads, and other acne conditions. Acne is commonly seen in teenagers and young adults. The skin conditions may arise due to medication, hormones, genetics, or cosmetic products. Today, there are many different drug options and treatment plans used to help treat and prevent acne.

Acne Symptoms

Acne is a skin condition that may vary in severity. Depending on an individual’s skin complexion, the appearance of acne may differ. Common pimples include, whiteheads, blackheads, small red bumps, and more.

  • Whiteheads
  • Blackheads
  • Small, red bumps (Papules)
  • Pimples (Pustules)
  • Nodules
  • Cystic lesions

Acne Causes

There are many different factors that may cause acne. Usually, the skin condition arises on the face, back, shoulders, chest, and neck. These areas contain the most oil glands that are more prone to becoming clogged.

  • Clogged Pores
  • Dead Skin
  • Bacteria
  • Oil Production

Factors That May Worsen Acne

  • Diet: Studies have shown that diet can increase the recurrence of the skin conditions. Dairy products and foods containing high levels of carbohydrates are two major suspects that trigger acne.
  • Stress
  • Hormones: Changes in hormones in both men and women may trigger acne. For example, when boys and girls go through the natural process of puberty, acne may become worse.
  • Medications

Acne Diagnosis

If over the counter treatments or other remedies do not treat the symptoms of Acne, individuals may seek a medical professional’s help. Primary doctors as well as specialists, known as dermatologists, are able to prescribe other medications to treat the skin condition. Typically, a grading scale is used in treatment of acne. This scale will determine the treatment plan to follow.

Four Grades of Acne

  • Grade I: mild
  • Grade II: moderate
  • Grade III: moderate to severe
  • Grade IV: severe

Acne Treatment

Acne treatment is determined by the severity of the condition. There are many different over the counter drugs that individuals can use or try to control it. A dermatologist or other medical professional may prescribe a stronger, more potent, medication to help further reduce the skin condition. Medication helps to reduce oil, fight infections, and reduce other factors that contribute to acne. Consult with your doctor to find a treatment plan that works for you.

Common Topical Medications

  • Antibiotics
  • Retinoids (creams, gels, etc.)
  • Dapsone

Common Oral Medications

  • Oral Contraceptives (birth control pills)
  • Antibiotics
  • Oral Isotretinoin


  • Laser Therapy
  • Chemical Peels
  • Acne Removal