Generic Name(s): Alprazolam
Drug Class: Benzodiazepines
Treats: Anxiety and Panic Attacks
Xanax is a drug that belongs to a broader class of drugs referred to as benzodiazepines. Xanax is a psychoactive drug that acts on specific chemicals in the brain especially GABA, which results in sedative, anxiolytic, hypnotic and muscle relaxing effects. Xanax is generally used to treat anxiety disorders, depressive disorders and panic disorders.
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The active component present in Xanax is known as Alprazolam. Alprazolam affects the activity of GABA, a neurotransmitter that is responsible for controlling the excitability of neurones. GABA binds to the GABA receptor, which in turn excites the neurones. The GABA receptor is a protein complex that has two binding sites that can accommodate benzodiazepines. Alprazolam then binds to the active site not to inhibit the action of GABA but to excite it. This excitation causes GABA to increase its efficiency while decreasing the rate at which it excites the neurons. This characteristic makes it possible for Xanax to treat the following conditions or diseases;
- Panic disorders
- Anxiety disorders
- Nausea caused by chemotherapy
- Depressive disorders
Xanax dosage is dependent on the individual that it is being administered to and the condition it is treating. The following dosage is an average dose and could differ among individuals. Follow your medical professional's directions for best results.
- For anxiety, most people at first are prescribed 0.25 to0.5mg of Xanax to take three times every day.
- Doctors almost always increase the dosage if it is not enough to treat anxious feelings. The maximum dosage that can be prescribed 4mg in total daily.
For Panic Attacks
- For panic disorder, the dosage is much higher. In order to treat this disorder, most people are prescribed 4mg to 6mg in total daily.
- This dose may increase even higher if disorder symptoms are very severe.
Xanax Side Effects
The use of Xanax may be accompanied by the occurrence of some undesired side effects. These side effects may vary among individuals or even totally fail to exhibit within some individualised cases. Xanax is a prescribed drug and before your doctor prescribes it, they must have weighed the benefits of the drug to surpass the side effects. Some of the common side effects that may accompany the use of Xanax may include
- Poor appetite
- Lowered or increased libido
- Impeded bowel movements
- Weight gain
- Fluctuating menstrual periods
- Erectile disfunction
- Abdominal cramps
These commons side effects may not require any medical attention, however, if these symptoms persist or if you experience any of the below side effects you should seek medical assistance immediately
- Poor coordination
- Blurred vision
- Loss of mental acuity
- Slurred speech
- Drowsy spells
- Unusual fatigue
Drug interactions may alter the performance of Xanax by either exaggerating the drugs performance or decreasing its effectiveness. The best way to combat drug interactions is to inform your doctor about any substances you are taking prior to your initial dose of Xanax. These substances may either be prescribed or over the counter drugs, doing so will enable your doctor to rule out any adverse interactions that may affect the performance of Xanax. Some of the substances that may interact with Xanax include