Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors are very common antidepressants. This class of antidepressant medication works by selectively inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin in the nervous system. This helps the body by ensuring increased quantities of serotonin. Serotonin is a product that naturally occurs in the body. SSRIs are normally used to treat serious and persistent cases of depression and anxiety. This prescription medication is often the first choice for healthcare practitioners because of its effectiveness and generally has very few, if any, side effects compared to other antidepressants.
There are basically about 6 different types of SSRI prescription medicines available. However, this will vary from one country to another. All these medicines or drugs listed below are strictly prescription only medicines and patients should regularly consult their healthcare provider on a regular basis to check on the effects and effectiveness of the treatment. Some of these SSRI medicines include
It is a long held belief in the field of medicine that the lack of serotonin in the central nervous system predisposes one to depression. Serotonin is a chemical in the brain known as a neurotransmitter. It largely affects people’s moods, feeling, sleep, and emotions. Doctors believe that increased serotonin levels help improve symptoms of depression and enable patients be more responsive to other forms of treatment. SSRIs are also widely used in the treatment of other conditions as well, such anxiety, premature ejaculation, irritable bowel syndrome and premenstrual syndrome among others.
SSRIs Side Effects
It is generally observed that SSRIs have very little side effects and many patients who use this class of drugs suffer little, if any side effects. Even those who suffer any side effects will notice these reduce significantly over time. Patients are highly advised to liaise with their doctors as different SSRIs have different effects. Taking medication immediately after consuming the main meal and sleeping while under medication are highly advised. Some of the side effects that patients usually experience include:
- Blurred vision
- Reduced sex drive
- Difficulty maintaining an erection
SSRIs are not meant for every patient suffering depression. This kind of medication is usually prescribed for serious cases only. Individuals under the age of 18 years, breastfeeding mothers and pregnant or expectant ladies should not use this drug because of heightened risks of side effects and other negative results. They can only be prescribed if their use provided more benefits that supersede the side effects. These prescription medicines should be used in conjunction with other medicines, including herbal treatment options such as St John’s Wort. Anyone suffering serious conditions such as epilepsy, diabetes, and kidney infections should use SSRIs with great caution because they can react adversely with other medications.