Sexually transmitted infections Treatment, Drugs, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also renowned as venereal diseases or sexually transmitted diseases. Most of the time, these diseases are transmitted through sexual contact. However, in some instances, one may contract a sexually transmitted disease by having contact with contaminated blood and tissues, breast feeding or during childbirth. These diseases are easily passed from one another due to the fact that sometimes it takes long time duration before the symptoms are noticed.

Sexually transmitted infections Drugs

  • Metronidazole
  • Flagyl oral
  • Monodox oral
  • Adoxa oral
  • Vibramycin oral
  • Zithromax oral
  • Acticlate oral
  • Morgodox 2×100
  • Ceftriaxone injection

Sexually transmitted infections Symptoms

Depending on the STI, it may take up to a month before the symptoms are revealed. In other cases, it may take even a longer or shorter period. Some of the common symptoms in both men and women include:

  • Pain when urinating
  • Small fluid filled blisters
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain
  • Penile discharge
  • Ulcers on and around the genitals
  • Back aches
  • Head aches
  • Itching sensation in the genitals
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

Sexually transmitted infections may also bring about complications during birth which may cause undesired outcomes for the baby. Some sexually transmitted infections may also bring about infertility, chronic pain or even death.

Sexually transmitted infections Causes

Sexually transmitted infections can be caused by a number of varying bacteria or viruses or parasitic protozoa.

Diseases caused by bacteria include gonorrhea, syphilis and Chlamydia among others. STIs caused by viruses include HIV/AIDS, Genital herpes and genital warts among others.

Sexually transmitted infections can also be brought forth by protozoan parasites such as Trichomonas vaginalis as well as by insects such as scabies mites or crab lice. Parasitic STIs include Trichomoniasis among others. They are also contracted through sexual intercourse, oral sex, breastfeeding, childbirth or contact with contaminated blood and tissue, sharing of contaminated needles or sharing other contaminated tattooing or body piercing equipment.

Sexually transmitted infections Diagnosis

Diagnosis for the majority of STIs involves physical examination, a look into the patient’s medical history including a number of blood tests. Some of these tests include;

  • Rapid HIV test done on an individual’s blood or saliva
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent Assay antibody blood test
  • Some diagnostic tests made on women include; analysis of cervical or vaginal secretions as well as urine in a laboratory
  • Analysis of penile secretion
  • Physical examination including pelvic exam in young women
  • Ultrasound imaging exam may also be used with patients who are severely ill being hospitalized.
  • Use of pap smear whereby a colposcopy along a cervical biopsy may be done if the pap smear is abnormal.

Sexually transmitted infections Treatment

Most STIs can be treated and cured using varying drugs such as antibiotics. Nevertheless, prevention is the best way of treatment. There are vaccinations that an individual can take to minimize the risk of contracting an STI such as Hepatitis B.

On the other hand, there are other sexually transmitted infections that are not curable, but can be treated to minimize or lighten their symptoms and signs. Such STIs include Herpes, Hepatitis B or HIV/AIDS.

In addition, antibiotics have been used in most cases to treat some STIs such as gonorrhea. However, some of them seem to be developing resistance to antibiotics. It is therefore important to consult a doctor for the appropriate treatment.