pulmonary edema Treatment, Drugs, Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

In general, Edema means swelling. It happens when there is oozing of fluids from the blood vessel into the surrounding tissues resulting to swelling. Pulmonary edema occurs when fluids from the blood vessels seeps into the lungs. It can be caused by either too much pressure or lack of proteins to hold the fluid in the plasma.

pulmonary edema Drugs

  • Benicar oral
  • Lasix oral
  • Diovan oral
  • Atenolol oral
  • Micardis oral
  • Lotensin oral and
  • Digitek oral

pulmonary edema Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of pulmonary edema, can be confused for other illnesses and you need to be cautious before commencing medication. Immediate medical attention is needed in case you experience abnormal side effects that are severe and troublesome. Below are some of the common pulmonary edema symptoms.

  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Rapid breathing
  • Low oxygen levels in the blood
  • Abnormal lung sounds
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Leg swelling
  • Coughing up blood
  • Pale skin
  • Excessive sweating
  • Restlessness or anxiety

Since these are not the only confirmed symptoms of pulmonary edema, report any other abnormal side effect to your doctor when you suspect a pulmonary edema infection.

pulmonary edema Causes

Causes of pulmonary edema can be divided into either cardiogenic or non-cardiogenic. Cardiogenic causes of pulmonary edema include high pressure in the blood vessels that can be caused by poor functioning of the heart. Poor functioning of the heart can be caused by arrhythmias, abnormal heart valves and heart attacks. This leads to seeping of blood into the lungs. For non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, it can be caused by;

  • kidney failure
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • brain trauma
  • acute lung injury and
  • aspirin overdose

There are other causes of pulmonary edema not mentioned in this guide. For effective treatment the doctor need to know the cause of the disease.

pulmonary edema Diagnosis

To diagnose pulmonary edema, you need the help of a qualified medical practitioner. There are various ways of identifying the condition including signs and symptoms. However, due to similarity of symptoms across various illnesses, depending on them may not be effective.

  • Most doctors prefer using a chest X-ray.

A normal chest radiograph consist a white area that pertain the heart while the lungs show a dark field that is enclosed by the chest wall. A chest X-ray with pulmonary edema shows a more white appearance of the lungs on both sides. A more severe infection shows minimal visualization of the lungs.

pulmonary edema Treatment

To treat pulmonary edema, the doctor must determine its cause and severity. The outcome depends on how you follow the prescription details.

  • In most cases, cardiac, pulmonary edema, is cured/treated using diuretics combined with other medications for heart failure.
  • If the condition is not severe, then outpatient treatment and use of oral medication can help.
  • In case of a severe condition, then a patient ought to be hospitalized and treated using intravenous diuretic medications.

This only happens if a patient does not respond to oral medication. During medication period, the doctor need to monitor the level of oxygen in the blood. Depending on the severity of the condition, a mechanical breathing machine may be necessary when oxygen level is low in the blood.