Penicillin Antibiotics Drug Class

Progestins are a class of drugs that work and behave like female hormone progesterone. These drugs have been used for the mid 1950s and help in treating symptoms of endometriosis, a condition where the tissue lining the uterus grows outside. Progestins may be secreted in the body by the ovaries corpus luteum and the placenta. Additionally, in the body, these steroid hormones may be secreted in small amounts by testes and adrenal cortex. On the flip side, progestins can be administered as synthetic steroid hormones used in drug therapy. While it is not fully understood how the progestins help in relieving symptoms of endometriosis, it is believed that they work to suppress growth of endometrial implants thus causing them to go away.

Penicillin Antibiotics Drugs

Below you will find list of drugs that fall under the class of Penicillin Antibiotics.

Penicillin Antibiotics Uses

Synthetic progestins are used in treating premenstrual tension, amenorrhea, and abnormal bleeding of the uterine. Since these drugs help prevent ovulation, they are part of the oral contraceptives. Progestins are prescribed for different purposes.

In regulating the menstrual cycle and treating amenorrhea (unusual disappearance of menstrual periods), these hormones are used. They cause changes in the uterus. Progestins can help and initiate menstrual period. After being administered the hormones, if the amount declines in blood, a person may have the uterus lining beginning to come out, consequently resulting in virginal bleeding or menstrual period. Progestins can thus help start or stop the menstrual cycle.

Moreover, these synthetic hormones also help in treating pain that is related to endometriosis. Progestins help in changing the ability of cancer cells to react to hormones or proteins, which trigger tumor growth. It means that they can help stop tumors from growing, and this is why they are used to treat cancer of the uterus, kidney, and breast.

Penicillin Antibiotics Side Effects

Like all drugs that are used in treatment of endometriosis, progestins have side effects. The side effects normally vary from one type of progestin to another because of the chemical nature of the hormone and the dosage administered. Some women may be intolerable to these effects and may not complete their course of treatment.

The main side effects include

  • bloating
  • acne
  • breast discomfort
  • dizziness
  • breakthrough bleeding
  • depression
  • headache
  • nausea
  • moodiness
  • spotting
  • fluid retention
  • lethargy
  • irregular bleeding
  • weight gain
  • and vomiting

Penicillin Antibiotics Interactions

Progestins may not interact with food or beverages like alcohol. In addition, none of the progestins may interact with other medications except two forms of the medroxyprogesterone acetate, but before you use these drugs or hormones, you need to consult carefully with your doctor. Although some medications may not be used together, in other times, different drugs may be used in combination even when interactions could occur.

However, a doctor may determine the precautions to take and advise a patient appropriately. If you are using medicines like Boceprevir, Dofetilide, and Tranexamic Acid, you need to let your doctor or physician know about it. The doctor may decide not to prescribe you progestins if you are using such drugs.

Besides, progestins may not be recommended if one is using drugs such as Dabrafenib, Carbamazepine, Aripiprazole, Idelalisib, Mitotane, and Nilotinib among other drugs. And, if both medicines are used in combination, a doctor may need to change the dose or the frequency of use.