Pain

In relation to medicine, pain is used to refer a sensation that hurts. If you are feeling pain, then you feel discomfort, agony and distress. All this depends on how severe the pain is, as it comes in different forms and variants. Pain can be throbbing, pulsating, pinching, stabbing, steady or constant. Pain is a personal experience and only the person that is experiencing it can describe it properly.

Pain Drugs

Pain Symptoms

There are many different symptoms of pain depending on the type of pain that one is experiencing. The following symptoms are a few of the many potential feelings brought on by pain.

Common Symptoms of Pain

  • Frustration
  • Uncertainty
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Hard breathing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Confusion
  • Constipation

Pain Causes

There are many things that can lead to pain. Having pain compromises the basic defenses of the body, and it is important that pain is dealt with as soon as possible.

Common Causes of Pain

  • Injury or body damage is one of the most common causes of pain. The impact or extent of the injury is what will determine the level of pain.
  • Pain can also come from trauma, infection or pain that has been ongoing.

Pain Diagnosis

There are several testing techniques that are used to determine the cause of pain, such as certain imaging tests and tools that can be used to measure pain. Doctors will ask about the symptoms and history of pain to determine the intensity and the location of the pain being experienced.

  • CT or CAT scan: a CT or CAT scan takes around 15-20 minutes and involves the use of computers and X-rays to produce images of the cross section of your body. For a test to be conducted the patient must lie on a table as stiffly as possible. The patient is then passed through a large tank-like device used for scanning.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): An MRI test produces a clear picture despite the fact that there is no X-ray that is performed. MRIs take between 40 to 80 minutes, depending on the number of pictures that are needed. Be aware that an MRI uses magnets, and therefore the test is not recommended for people who have pacemakers.
  • Electromyography (EMG): EMG is a fast method of measuring the intensity of pain. Doctors that use this method tend to evaluate the activity taking place. During the procedure, fine needles are inserted in the body so as to measure the response signals from either the brain or spinal cord.
  • Bone scan: A bone scan is a method used in cases where there is a dislocation, disorder or fracture in the bone. This method involves a small amount of radioactive material that is injected into the bloodstream. This material will collect in the bone area if there is an abnormality.

Pain Treatment

There are no certain cures that exists for pain. Different varieties of pain lead to different methods that can be employed to subdue it. Depending on the type of pain you have, your doctor will prescribe different variations of treatment.

  • Painkillers, such as opioids
  • Pain therapy
  • Surgery, if necessary
  • Various nutrition supplements