MRSA

MRSA is an acronym for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA is an infection that is caused by a strain of staph bacteria that has developed resistance to antibiotics that are used in the treatment of staph infections. MRSA is common in people who have been in clinical settings such as nursing homes or dialysis centers.

MRSA Symptoms

MRSA is generally characterized by skin infections that start off as small red bumps. The bumps look like pimples, spider bites or boils. The boils can aggravate into deep, usually painful abscess that may only be removed by way of surgery. At times, the bacteria may be formed on the skin and remain confined on it. However, the bacteria may burrow deep into the body, resulting into fatal infections in the bones, lungs, heart valves, joints and surgical wounds, as well as the blood stream. See a doctor for skin problems such as pimples, insect bites and cuts, more so in children. If infected, avoid treating MRSA at home.

  • Skin irritation
  • Boils
  • Bumps

MRSA Causes

MRSA is caused by the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, commonly referred to as staph. The bacteria are mostly nestled on the skin or in the nose for most individuals. The staph bacteria are, in general, harmless unless it enters the body through a cut or wound. When in the body, the staph bacteria can cause skin problems even when you are healthy. According to a report released by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, close to two percent of the population carries the type of staph bacteria referred to as MRSA. MRSA is much more common in hospitals and other clinical settings. This is because of the increased number of bacteria and germs found in those areas.

MRSA Diagnosis

MRSA is mostly diagnosed by checking a tissue sample. It is also diagnosed through checking nasal secretion for signs of drug-resistant bacteria. The samples of the tissues or secretions are taken to the lab. In the lab, they are placed in a dish containing nutrients that encourage the growth of bacteria. An MRSA test takes about 48 hours since that is the time it takes the bacteria to grow. Due to the advancement of technology, MRSA is also diagnosed using tests that can detect the presence of staph in DNA in a couple of hours.

MRSA Treatment

The treatment regimen of MRSA depends on a number of factors such as the type of infection, site of infection and the severity of the symptoms or the antibiotics that MRSA may be sensitive to. MRSA is primarily treated using a process known as Colonisation. The treatment involves screening of MRSA at the hospital. In the event that you are colonised with MRSA, getting rid of the bacteria is relatively fast. An antibacterial powder or body wash may be used to remove MRSA from the skin. The doctor may recommend that you continue with the application of the body wash or cream for 5 to 10 days.