Generic Name(s): Melphalan
Drug Class: Antineoplastic agents
Melphalan (Alkeran) is a cancer medication. Melphalan is one of most used cancer medications around the globe. It is administered to the body orally or by an injection. It inhibits the growth of cancer cells and lowers their spread in the body.
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Melphalan (Alkeran) is primarily used to treat cancer. It is presented in the form of oral tablets and intravenous powder for injection. Melphalan is an effective drug that medics prescribe for cancer patients. It works by interfering with the growth of cancer cells. Melphalan also lowers down the spread of cancer cells in the body. Melphalan treats different types of cancer such as cancer of the ovary, blood cancer (myeloma) and breast cancer. There are other functions of this drug which are recorded and retained in doctor's guide only. Researchers are still going on with their investigations to verify more uses of Melphalan. Below you will find the uses of Melphalan.
Melphalan dosage varies from one patient to another. Medical professionals may prescribe different dosage due to various reasons which include the type of cancer, other related conditions, age and individual's tolerance. You should always take medication precisely as your doctor prescribes it. Below you will find a typical dosage of Melphalan.
- Multiple Myeloma (blood cancer): 6 mg once a day for up to three weeks. The drug is discontinued up to four weeks whereby the blood count is followed.
- Maintenance dosage- 2 mg once in a day.
- Ovarian cancer: 0.2 mg/kg orally daily for five days. This dosage is repeated every four to five weeks depending on hematologic tolerance.
Melphalan Side Effects
Like any drug, Melphalan may cause side effects. If you experience severe or persistent side effects, you should contact your doctor. They may change your prescription or help you find ways to manage the side effects. Mild side effects should dissipate with time and do not require medical attention. Below you will find a list of side effects associated with Melphalan. Note that not all possible side effects are listed.
- Blood in the urine and stool
- Skin rash or itching
- Shortness of breath
- Unusual bleeding
- Irregular heartbeat
- Joint pain
- Swelling of feet
- Sores in the mouth
Like any drug, Melphalan may interact with other drugs and substances. Drug interactions may cause an increased risk of side effects or change the way your medication works. You should tell your doctor about any medications you are taking, including over the counter drugs. Herbal supplements and vitamins may also interact with Melphalan. Below you will find a list of drugs that may interact with Melphalan. Note that not all possible interactions are listed.